Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering

, Volume 17, Issue 3, pp 1689–1714 | Cite as

Seismic behaviour of a traditional timber structure: shaking table tests, energy dissipation mechanism and damage assessment model

  • Qifang XieEmail author
  • Long Wang
  • Lipeng Zhang
  • Weibing Hu
  • Tiegang Zhou
Original Research


Traditional timber structures are well known as an efficient aseismic structure. In order to clearly understand the reasons for the good performance of the Chinese traditional timber structures during earthquakes, the energy dissipation mechanism of a Chinese traditional timber structure was studied by shaking table tests in this paper. A model at a 1:6 geometric scale was manufactured with the same fabrication methods to the prototype, a Chinese timber tower built in 1834. The model was subjected to 4 different horizontal waves with increasing intensity. The damage patterns, dynamic characteristics, and dynamic responses were obtained. The energy dissipation mechanism of the traditional timber structure was analysed based on the principle of energy balance. A new damage assessment model based on energy dissipation was also proposed and the results showed a good agreement with that given by an existing model.


Traditional timber structure Energy dissipation mechanism Shaking table test Dynamic characteristic Damage assessment model 



This research project was performed by many researchers. The help of the students and the entire laboratory staff at the Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology is sincerely appreciated. The authors gratefully acknowledge financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51878550) and the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2017YFC0703507). The work was also supported by the Natural Science Basic Research Program of Shaanxi Province of China (Grant No. 2016ZDJC-23) and the Key Laboratory Project of Education Department of Shaanxi Provincial Government (Grant No. 2014SZS04-P04).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qifang Xie
    • 1
    Email author
  • Long Wang
    • 1
  • Lipeng Zhang
    • 1
  • Weibing Hu
    • 1
  • Tiegang Zhou
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Green Building in Western China, School of Civil EngineeringXi’an University of Architecture and TechnologyXi’anChina

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