Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 473–495 | Cite as

Diaphragm effectiveness of precast concrete structures with cladding panels under seismic action

  • Bruno Dal LagoEmail author
  • Silvia Bianchi
  • Fabio Biondini
Original Research


The seismic performance of precast frame structures strongly depends on the mechanical devices connecting both structural and non-structural elements. Following recent post-earthquake field observations of unintended seismic interaction of the cladding panels with the frame structure, the seismic design of the cladded system is currently being critically examined by the scientific community. Design solutions involving a controlled cladding–structure interaction have been proposed to address this problem. However, the frame–panel interaction may draw high stresses into the roof diaphragm, as a consequence of the stiffening of the external frames only. This paper presents a parametric study based on linear and non-linear dynamic analyses investigating different levels of interaction among frames, panels, and diaphragm system. The results show how the deck and cladding connections influence the seismic behaviour of the structure. Innovative fastening systems aimed at enhancing the seismic performance of the structure are proposed based on the use of dissipative connection devices inserted into both cladding and deck components.


Precast structures Mechanical connections Dissipative devices Diaphragm action Seismic performance Non-linear analysis 



The work presented in this paper has been carried out with the financial support of the Italian Department of Civil Protection (DPC) and the Italian Laboratories University Network of Earthquake Engineering (ReLUIS) within the research program DPC-ReLUIS 2014–2016.


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© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringPolitecnico di MilanoMilanItaly

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