Peculiarities of RIG-1 Expression in Placental Villi in Preeclampsia
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The expression of RIG-1 in placenta samples was assessed in women of reproductive age with early- and late-onset preeclampsia and cesarean delivery at 27-39 weeks of gestation. The highest expression of RIG-1 was found in the syncytiotrophoblast of placental villi in the group with uncomplicated full-term pregnancy (normal); RIG-1 expression in groups with early- and late-onset preeclampsia was significantly (p<0.01) lower. In decidual cells, RIG-1 expression was also maximum in normal pregnancy and significantly (p<0.01) lower in lateonset preeclampsia. In the endothelium of villous capillaries, the maximum expression was observed in normal full-term pregnancy and in late-onset preeclampsia, while in early-onset preeclampsia this parameter was significantly (p<0.01) lower. It can be assumed that different variants of preeclampsia are mediated by similar pathogenetic mechanisms, including those related to immature molecular profile of the trophoblast and decidual cells, probably due to impaired stem cell activity in the placenta determining higher vulnerability and reduced regeneration capacity of the placental tissue. This is due to the fact that RIG-1 is one of the important signaling molecules that promote activation of stem cell and tissue regeneration.
Key Wordsdecidual cells placenta preeclampsia RIG-1 trophoblast
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