Formation of Alcohol Motivation in Monkeys (Macaca mulatta) Kept in Isolation
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The effects of environmental factors (flavors, different ethanol concentration, alcoholic deprivation, and food reinforcement) on the formation of alcohol motivation was studied in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta, n=6). Motivation for alcohol intake was induced in two stages: initiation (sessions 1-160) and formation of motivation (sessions 161-516). Monkeys preferred multifruit flavor and 4% ethanol solution, while ethanol deprivation did not stimulate alcohol consumption. The pronounced individual differences in the pattern of alcohol motivation were revealed: the intake of 4% ethanol solution ranged from 0.21±0.03 to 0.43±0.06 g/kg without food reinforcement and increased from 0.78±0.03 to 1.22±0.09 g/kg with food reinforcement. The results suggest that the proposed method is valid and can be used as an experimental model of alcohol dependence in non-human primates.
Key Wordsrhesus macaques ethanol intake alcohol motivation
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