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Atomic Energy

, Volume 127, Issue 1, pp 60–63 | Cite as

Reactivity Determination with One Neutron Detector in a Transport-PWR Core

  • A. V. BelinEmail author
  • M. A. Sosnin
  • A. G. Vasyatkin
  • A. A. Molodtsov
  • M. A. Kamnev
  • V. N. Vavilkin
SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL COMMUNICATIONS
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Neutronics measurements are regularly conducted during operation in order to evaluate the physical characteristics of the core. A nonstandard reactimeter connected to a backup neutron detector is used to perform the measurements. A calculation of the reactivity on the basis of the indications of a single detector results in distortion of the true value of the reactivity because of spatial effects. A method of increasing the accuracy of the reactivity calculations by taking account of the changes in the efficiency of the ionization chamber is proposed. Software for performing the required calculations has been developed. The correctness of the proposed solution was checked and confirmed by experiments performed on a critical stand at OKBM Afrikantov using the core of an icebreaker reactor.

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References

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    J. Kipin, Physical Principles of Reactor Kinetics, Atomizdat, Moscow (1967).Google Scholar
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    N. A. Vinogradov, “Spatial effect as a consequence of the disparity between the detector signal and the average neutron flux density,” At. Energ., 114, No. 1, 8–13 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    A. M. Zhukov, Minimization of the Influence of Spatial Effects on Reactivity Measurements in Next-Generation Fast Reactors, GNTs RF – FEI, Obninsk (2012).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. V. Belin
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. A. Sosnin
    • 1
  • A. G. Vasyatkin
    • 1
  • A. A. Molodtsov
    • 1
  • M. A. Kamnev
  • V. N. Vavilkin
    • 1
  1. 1.Afrikantov Experimental Design Bureau of Mechanical Engineering (OKBM Afrikantov)Nizhnii NovgorodRussia

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