Advertisement

Evaluation of the Radionuclide Fallout Density on the Earth’s Surface in Different Variants of the Calculation of the Meteorological Dilution Parameters

  • A. N. PerevolotskiiEmail author
  • T. V. Perevolotskaya
Article

The aim of this work is to evaluate variants of the calculation of the average multiyear meteorological dilution parameters based on a Gaussian dispersal model for constant emissions. Three variants of the calculation of the meteorological dilution parameters which are distinguished by different degrees of detailing of the atmospheric stability categories and their characteristic wind speeds, which determines the difficulty and complexity of the calculations, are examined. It is shown that at distances >1000 m from the source of emissions all three computational variants give comparable results and can be used to estimate the radioecological conditions in the environment. The computational variant 1, which takes account of the realization of the atmospheric stability category and its corresponding gradations of wind speed, is the preferred option. It makes it possible to obtain more accurate estimates of the constant radioactive fallout density.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    MU 1.5.99.0097–2012, Development of Environmental Impact Assessment Materials for Design and Other Documentation for the Implementation of Activities in the Field of Atomic Energy Use, Rosenergoatom Concern, Moscow (2012).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    RB-053–10, Regulations on Improving the Accuracy of Predictive Estimates of the Radiation Characteristics of Radioactive Contamination of the Environment and Dose Loads on Personnel and Population, Federal Ecological, Technological, and Nuclear Oversight Service, Moscow (2010).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    P 52.18.820–2015, Assessment of the Radiation-Ecological Impact on Environmental Objects According to Data Obtained by Monitoring the Radiation Conditions, NPO Typhoon, Obninsk (2015).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    L. A. Bolshov (ed.), Modeling the Dissemination of Radionuclides in the Environment: Proc. IBRAE, Nauka, Moscow (2008), Iss. 9.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Atmospheric Turbulence and Modeling of Impurity Propagation [Russian translation], Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad (1985).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    N. G. Gusev and V. A. Belyaev, Handbook of Radioactive Emissions in the Biosphere, Energoatomizdat, Moscow (1991).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Methodological Recommendations for Calculating the Norms for the Maximum Permissible Emissions of Radioactive Substances from Organized Sources into the Atmospheric Air for the State Corporation ROSATOM, No. 1-1 / 310-p, ROSATOM State Corporation, Moscow (2014).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    MT 1.2.1.15.1176–2016, Development and Establishment of Norms for Maximum Permissible Emissions of Radioactive Substances from Nuclear Plants into Atmospheric Air, Rosenergoatom Concern, Moscow (2016).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Substantiation of Investments in the Construction of a Nuclear Power Plant in the Republic of Belarus. Book 11. Environmental Impact Assessment. 1588-PZ-OI4. Part 8. OVOS Report, Ministry of Energy of the Republic of Belarus (edition July 6, 2010), BelNIPIEnergoprom, Minsk (2010).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    V. F. Kozlov, Handbook of Radiation Safety, Energoatomizdat, Moscow (1991).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.All-Russia Research Institute of Radiology and Agroecology (VNIIRAE)ObninskRussia

Personalised recommendations