Resonance line in rotating accretion disc
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We study the resonance line emission from the rotating plane optically thick accretion disc, consisting of free electrons and resonant atoms. We use the standard assumption that the source of continuum radiation is located near central plane of the accretion disc, where the temperature is the highest. This corresponds to the Milne problem consideration for continuum. We shortly discuss the impossibility of the Milne problem for the resonance radiation. We assume that the resonant atoms are located in a thin layer of an accretion disc near the surface. In this case the resonance line emission arises due to scattering of a continuum on the resonant atoms. In thin layer we can neglect the multiple scattering of the resonance radiation on the resonant atoms. We consider the axially symmetric problems, where the Stokes parameter \(U=0\).
We take into account the Doppler effect for the frequencies of the resonance line. The three types of the resonant atom sources are considered (see Figs. 1–3). The first source is the axially symmetric continuous distribution of the resonant atoms along the circular orbit. The second spot-like source rotates in the orbit. The third type presents two spot-like sources located in the orbit contrary one to another. In the first and third cases the shape of the emitting resonance line is symmetric, i.e. the right and left wings have the similar shapes. In the second case the resonance line has asymmetric shape. The shape of the emerging line depends significantly on the ratio of the rotation velocity value to the velocity, characterizing the Doppler width. It also depends on the ratio of the electron number density to the number density of resonant atoms. The results of the calculations characterize the different observational effects of H\(\alpha \) radiation in the accretion discs and can be used for estimations of the parameters mentioned above. They also can be used for estimation of the inclination angle of an accretion disc.
KeywordsRadiative transfer Resonance line Polarization Scattering Accretion discs
This research was supported by the Program of Presidium of Russian Academy of Sciences N 12. Authors are very grateful to referees for very useful remarks and advices.
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