Gould Belt members in X-ray RAVE: cross-matching RAVE stars with 3XMM point sources

  • B. Coşkunoğlu
  • O. PlevneEmail author
  • M. T. Özkan
Original Article


In this paper the results of matching the RAdial Velocity Experiment (RAVE), a spectroscopic Southern hemisphere survey (\(9 < I_{\mathrm{DENIS}} < 12\)), and XMM-Newton Serendipitous Source Catalogue (3XMM) are presented. The latest data releases of RAVE and XMM were matched and a X-ray RAVE catalogue of 1071 stars was obtained. Then the catalogue was checked for possible Gould Belt (GB) members. We obtained a subsample of 10 stars that meet the GB membership criteria. This subsample and GB member candidates were tested photometrically and kinematically. Among the members there are two BY Dra type variables, an NGC2451 open cluster member, a high proper motion star. The rest are regular main sequence stars. The members have very low velocity dispersions which lead us to think that the members belong in a single structure. We also found out that a kinematical GB membership test might be possible to derive given a large enough GB member sample as they fit in a narrow interval in space velocity diagrams.


Galaxy Star Gould Belt Kinematics 



We would like to thank Dr. Sinan Aliş for his numerous contributions towards improving the paper. Also, we thank Prof. A.T. Saygaç and Dr. G. Gün for their input towards developing the study.


  1. Avvakumova, E.A., Malkov, O.Y., Kniazev, A.Y.: Astron. Nachr. 334, 860 (2013) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bekki, K.: Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 398, L36 (2009) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bobylev, V.V.: Astrophysics 57, 583 (2014) ADSGoogle Scholar
  4. Bressan, A., Marigo, P., et al.: Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 427, 127 (2012) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Comerón, F., Torra, J.: Astron. Astrophys. 281, 35 (1994) ADSGoogle Scholar
  6. Comerón, F.: Astron. Astrophys. 365, 417 (2001) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Coşkunoǧlu, B., Ak, S., Bilir, S., et al.: Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 412, 1237 (2011) ADSGoogle Scholar
  8. Coşkunoǧlu, B., Ak, S., Bilir, S., et al.: Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 419, 2844 (2012) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cutri, R.M., Skrutskie, M.F., van Dyk, S., et al.: VizieR Online Data Catalog p. 2246 (2003) Google Scholar
  10. Efremov, Y.N.: Astron. Astrophys. Trans. 15, 3 (1998) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Efremov, Y.N., Elmegreen, B.G.: Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 299, 588 (1998) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Elias, F., Alfaro, E.J., Cabrera-Caño, J.: Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 397, 2 (2009) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fiorucci, M., Munari, U.: Astron. Astrophys. 401, 781 (2003) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fresneau, A., Acker, A., Jasniewicz, G., Piat, M.: Astron. J. 112, 1614 (1996) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Frogel, J.A., Stothers, R.: Astron. J. 82, 890 (1977) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gaia Collaboration, Brown, A.G.A., Vallenari, A., et al.: Astron. Astrophys. 595, A2 (2016) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Gaia Collaboration, Brown, A.G.A., Vallenari, A., et al.: arXiv:1804.09365 (2018)
  18. Gould, B.A.: In: Corni, P.E. (ed.) Brillantez y posicion de las estrellas fijas, hasta la septima magnitud, comprendidas dentro de cien grados del polo austral: con atlas. Buenos Aires, Uranometria Argentina, p. 354 (1879) Google Scholar
  19. Guillout, P., Sterzik, M.F., Schmitt, J.H.M.M., Motch, C., Neuhaeuser, R.: Astron. Astrophys. 337, 113 (1998) ADSGoogle Scholar
  20. Herschel, J.F.W.: Results of astronomical observations made during the years 1834, 5, 6, 7, 8, at the Cape of Good Hope; being the completion of a telescopic survey of the whole surface of the visible heavens, commenced in 1825, Smith–Elder, London (1847) Google Scholar
  21. Hünsch, M., Weidner, C., Schmitt, J.H.M.M.: Astron. Astrophys. 402, 571 (2003) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Johnson, D.R.H., Soderblom, D.R.: Astron. J. 93, 864 (1987) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Jørgensen, B.R., Lindegren, L.: Astron. Astrophys. 436, 127 (2005) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kunder, A., et al.: Astron. J. 153, 75 (2017) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Marshall, D.J., Robin, A.C., Reylé, C., Schultheis, M., Picaud, S.: Astron. Astrophys. 453, 635 (2006) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Mihalas, D., Binney, J.: Galactic Astronomy: Structure and Kinematics, 2nd edition. Freeman, San Francisco (1981) Google Scholar
  27. Ogorodnikov, K.F.: Dynamics of Stellar Systems. Pergamon, Oxford (1965), edited by Beer, A. zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  28. Olano, C.A.: Astron. Astrophys. 112, 195 (1982) ADSGoogle Scholar
  29. Platais, I., Kozhurina-Platais, V., Barnes, S., et al.: Astron. J. 122, 1486 (2001) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Pont, F., Eyer, L.: Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 351, 487 (2004) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Poppel, W.: Fundam. Cosm. Phys. 18, 1 (1997) ADSGoogle Scholar
  32. Rosen, S.R., et al.: Astron. Astrophys. 590, 1 (2016) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Schlegel, D.J., Finkbeiner, D.P., Davis, M.: Astrophys. J. 500, 525 (1998) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Steinmetz, M., Zwitter, T., Siebert, A., et al.: Astron. J. 132, 1645 (2006) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Stelzer, B., Neuhäuser, R.: Astronomische Gesellschaft Meeting Abstracts 17 (2000) Google Scholar
  36. Torra, J., Fernández, D., Figueras, F.: Astron. Astrophys. 359, 82 (2000) ADSGoogle Scholar
  37. Wichmann, R., Schmitt, J.H.M.M., Hubrig, S.: Astron. Astrophys. 399, 983 (2003) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Williams, P.M.: Mon. Notes Astron. Soc. South. Afr. 26, 30 (1967) ADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Astronomy and Space Sciences, Faculty of ScienceIstanbul UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Department of Astronomy and Space SciencesIstanbul UniversityBeyazıt, IstanbulTurkey
  3. 3.TUG (TÜBİTAK National ObservatoryAntalyaTurkey

Personalised recommendations