Use of the tethered swingby maneuver to reach the Haumea dwarf planet
- 61 Downloads
The asteroid tethered swingby maneuver (ATSM) is analyzed in this paper. The maneuver implies turn of the spacecraft velocity by means of a tether anchored to an asteroid. Mission to Haumea dwarf planet is considered. The following spacecraft transfer trajectories with launch in 2025 and 2027 are analyzed in the paper: Earth–Jupiter–Haumea and Earth–ATSM–Jupiter–Haumea. Only asteroids bigger than 40 km in diameter were considered in order to make hitting the asteroid by the tether anchor easier. Many Main Belt asteroids lowering total \(\Delta V\) of the transfers were found. A few of them giving the maximum effect of ATSM were selected and the transfers using them are analyzed in details. It is shown that the ATSM using these asteroids would lower substantially the total \(\Delta V\) or shorten significantly the time of flight. Technical problems of the ATSM implementation, such as possibly big mass of the tether and anchor, difficulty of hitting the asteroid and anchoring the tether securely etc., are considered. These problems would not allow to implement the ATSM at present time, but hopefully will be solved in near future.
KeywordsAstrodynamics Interplanetary misisons Tethers in space
The authors thank the grants # 473387/2012-3, 473164/2013-2, 406841/2016-0 and 301338/2016-7 from the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq); and grants # 2015/19880-6, 2016/24561-0 and 2016/14665-2 from São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP).
- Broucke, R.A.: The celestial mechanics of gravity assist. AIAA Paper 88-4220 (1988) Google Scholar
- Dowling, R.L., Kosmann, W.J., Minovitch, M.A., Ridenoure, R.W.: Gravity propulsion research at UCLA and JPL, 1962–1964. In: 41st Con. of the IAF, Dresden, GDR, 6–12 Oct. 1991 Google Scholar
- Lanoix, E.L.M.: Tether sling shot assists: a novel approach to travelling in the solar system. In: Proceedings of the 9th Canadian Aeronautics and Space Institute Conference on Astronautics, Ottawa, Canada, pp. 62–71 (1996) Google Scholar
- Okutsu, M., Yam, C.H., Longuski, J.M.: Low-thrust trajectories to Jupiter via gravity assists from Venus, Earth and Mars. AIAA Paper 2006-6745 (2006) Google Scholar
- Petropoulos, A.E., Longuski, J.M., Vinh, N.X.: Shape-based analytic representations of low-thrust trajectories for gravity-assist applications. American Astronautical Society, AAS Paper 99-337 (Aug. 1999) Google Scholar
- Prado, A.F.B.A.: Tethered gravity assisted maneuvers in close approach asteroids to accelerate a spacecraft. Adv. Astronaut. Sci. 156, 3853–3872 (2016) Google Scholar
- Sanchez, D.M., Prado, A.F.B.A., Sukhanov, A.A., Yokoyama, T.: Optimal transfer trajectories to the Haumea system. In: 13th International Conference on Space Operations 2014, Pasadena, vol. 1. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston (2014) Google Scholar
- Thompson, W.B., Stern, M.O.: A skyhook from Phobos to Mars. In: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Tethers in Space, pp. 1737–1745. NASA, Washington (1995) Google Scholar