Advertisement

Astrophysics and Space Science

, 363:233 | Cite as

Study of two-stage coronal jet associated with a C1.4 class solar flare

  • R. Solanki
  • A. K. Srivastava
  • B. N. Dwivedi
Original Article
  • 106 Downloads

Abstract

We study an active region coronal jet that evolved from southward of a major sunspot of NOAA AR12178 on 04 October 2014. This jet is associated with an onset of the GOES C1.4 flare. We use SDO/AIA, SDO/HMI, GONG \(H\upalpha\) and GOES data for analysing the observed event. We term this jet as a two-stage confined eruption of the plasma. In the first stage, some plasma erupts above the compact flaring region. In the second stage, this eruptive jet plasma and associated magnetic field lines interact with another set of distinct magnetic field lines present in its south-east direction. This creates an X-point region, where the second stage of the jet eruption is deflected above it on a curvilinear path into overlying corona. The lower part of the jet is followed by a cool surge eruption, which is visible only in \(H{\upalpha}\) emissions. The magnetic flux cancellation at the footpoint causes the triggering of C-class flare eruption. This flare energy release further triggers first stage of the coronal jet eruption. The second stage of the jet eruption is a consequence of an interaction of two distinct sets of magnetic field lines in the overlying corona. The first stage of the coronal jet and co-spatial but lagging cool surge may have common origin due to the reconnection generated heating pulses. This complex evolution of the coronal jet involves flare heating induced first stage plasma eruption, guiding of jet’s material above a junction of two distinct sets of field lines in the corona, and intra-relationship with cool surge. In effect, it imposes rigid constraints on the existing jet models.

Keywords

Sun: coronal jet Sun: sunspot Sun: active region Sun: flare Sun: solar surge 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We acknowledge the space-borne instruments AIA, HMI onboard SDO for the data used in the present work. We acknowledge the Global Oscillation Network Group (GONG) Program, managed by the National Solar Observatory (NSO) for the \(H{\upalpha}\) data. R.S. thanks the Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology (BHU) for providing her a research scholar grant and other facilities. We thank the referee for his/her constructive comments.

References

  1. Chae, J., Wang, H., Lee, C.-Y., Goode, P.R., Schühle, U.: Astrophys. J. Lett. 497, 109 (1998).  https://doi.org/10.1086/311289 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chae, J., Qiu, J., Wang, H., Goode, P.R.: Astrophys. J. Lett. 513, 75 (1999).  https://doi.org/10.1086/311910 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chandra, R., Mandrini, C.H., Schmieder, B., Joshi, B., Cristiani, G.D., Cremades, H., Pariat, E., Nuevo, F.A., Srivastava, A.K., Uddin, W.: Astron. Astrophys. 598, 41 (2017).  https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201628984. 1610.01918 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chen, H.D., Jiang, Y.C., Ma, S.L.: Astron. Astrophys. 478, 907 (2008).  https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20078641 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cirtain, J.W., Golub, L., Lundquist, L., van Ballegooijen, A., Savcheva, A., Shimojo, M., DeLuca, E., Tsuneta, S., Sakao, T., Reeves, K., Weber, M., Kano, R., Narukage, N., Shibasaki, K.: Science 318, 1580 (2007).  https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1147050 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Filippov, B., Srivastava, A.K., Dwivedi, B.N., Masson, S., Aulanier, G., Joshi, N.C., Uddin, W.: Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 451, 1117 (2015). 1505.01615 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Freeland, S.L., Handy, B.N.: Sol. Phys. 182, 497 (1998).  https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1005038224881 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gaizauskas, V.: Sol. Phys. 169, 357 (1996) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Garcia, H.A.: Sol. Phys. 154, 275 (1994) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gontikakis, C., Archontis, V., Tsinganos, K.: Astron. Astrophys. 506, 45 (2009) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Guo, Y., Démoulin, P., Schmieder, B., Ding, M.D., Vargas Domínguez, S., Liu, Y.: Astron. Astrophys. 555, 19 (2013).  https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201321229. 1305.0902 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Harvey, J.W., Bolding, J., Clark, R., Hauth, D., Hill, F., Kroll, R., Luis, G., Mills, N., Purdy, T., Henney, C., Holland, D., Winter, J.: In: AAS/Solar Physics Division Abstracts. Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, vol. 43, p. 17 (2011) Google Scholar
  13. He, J., Marsch, E., Tu, C., Tian, H.: Astrophys. J. Lett. 705, 217 (2009).  https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/705/2/L217 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Jiang, Y.C., Chen, H.D., Li, K.J., Shen, Y.D., Yang, L.H.: Astron. Astrophys. 469, 331 (2007).  https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20053954 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kayshap, P., Srivastava, A.K., Murawski, K.: Astrophys. J. 763, 24 (2013a).  https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/763/1/24. 1211.4088 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kayshap, P., Srivastava, A.K., Murawski, K., Tripathi, D.: Astrophys. J. Lett. 770, 3 (2013b).  https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/770/1/L3. 1305.0338 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lemen, J.R., Title, A.M., Akin, D.J., Boerner, P.F., Chou, C., Drake, J.F., Duncan, D.W., Edwards, C.G., Friedlaender, F.M., Heyman, G.F., Hurlburt, N.E., Katz, N.L., Kushner, G.D., Levay, M., Lindgren, R.W., Mathur, D.P., McFeaters, E.L., Mitchell, S., Rehse, R.A., Schrijver, C.J., Springer, L.A., Stern, R.A., Tarbell, T.D., Wuelser, J.-P., Wolfson, C.J., Yanari, C., Bookbinder, J.A., Cheimets, P.N., Caldwell, D., Deluca, E.E., Gates, R., Golub, L., Park, S., Podgorski, W.A., Bush, R.I., Scherrer, P.H., Gummin, M.A., Smith, P., Auker, G., Jerram, P., Pool, P., Soufli, R., Windt, D.L., Beardsley, S., Clapp, M., Lang, J., Waltham, N.: Sol. Phys. 275, 17 (2012).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11207-011-9776-8 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Moore, R.L., Sterling, A.C., Panesar, N.: In: AAS/Solar Physics Division Abstracts. AAS/Solar Physics Division Meeting, vol. 48, p. 200 (2017) Google Scholar
  19. Nishizuka, N., Shimizu, M., Nakamura, T., Otsuji, K., Okamoto, T.J., Katsukawa, Y., Shibata, K.: Astrophys. J. Lett. 683, 83 (2008).  https://doi.org/10.1086/591445. 0810.3384 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Nisticò, G., Bothmer, V., Patsourakos, S., Zimbardo, G.: Sol. Phys. 259, 87 (2009).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11207-009-9424-8. 0906.4407 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Panesar, N.K., Sterling, A.C., Moore, R.L., Chakrapani, P.: Astrophys. J. Lett. 832, 7 (2016).  https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8205/832/1/L7. 1610.08540 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Pariat, E., Antiochos, S.K., DeVore, C.R.: Astrophys. J. 691, 61 (2009).  https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/691/1/61 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Pesnell, W.D., Thompson, B.J., Chamberlin, P.C.: Sol. Phys. 275, 3 (2012).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11207-011-9841-3 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Rao, Y.K., Srivastava, A.K., Doyle, J.G., Dwivedi, B.N.: Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 470, 2449 (2017) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Raouafi, N.E., Patsourakos, S., Pariat, E., Young, P.R., Sterling, A.C., Savcheva, A., Shimojo, M., Moreno-Insertis, F., DeVore, C.R., Archontis, V., Török, T., Mason, H., Curdt, W., Meyer, K., Dalmasse, K., Matsui, Y.: Space Sci. Rev. 201, 1 (2016).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11214-016-0260-5. 1607.02108 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Reid, A., Mathioudakis, M., Scullion, E., Doyle, J.G., Shelyag, S., Gallagher, P.: Astrophys. J. 805, 64 (2015).  https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/805/1/64. 1503.05359 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Reid, A., Mathioudakis, M., Doyle, J.G., Scullion, E., Nelson, C.J., Henriques, V., Ray, T.: Astrophys. J. 823, 110 (2016).  https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/823/2/110. 1603.07100 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Roy, J.R.: Sol. Phys. 28, 95 (1973) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Scherrer, P.H., Schou, J., Bush, R.I., Kosovichev, A.G., Bogart, R.S., Hoeksema, J.T., Liu, Y., Duvall, T.L., Zhao, J., Title, A.M., Schrijver, C.J., Tarbell, T.D., Tomczyk, S.: Sol. Phys. 275, 207 (2012).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11207-011-9834-2 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Schrijver, C.J., De Rosa, M.L.: Sol. Phys. 212, 165 (2003).  https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1022908504100 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Shibata, K., Nishikawa, T., Kitai, R., Suematsu, Y.: Sol. Phys. 77, 121 (1982).  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00156100 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Shibata, K., Ishido, Y., Acton, L.W., Strong, K.T., Hirayama, T., Uchida, Y., McAllister, A.H., Matsumoto, R., Tsuneta, S., Shimizu, T., Hara, H., Sakurai, T., Ichimoto, K., Nishino, Y., Ogawara, Y.: Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 44, 173 (1992) ADSGoogle Scholar
  33. Shibata, K., Nakamura, T., Matsumoto, T., Otsuji, K., Okamoto, T.J., Nishizuka, N., Kawate, T., Watanabe, H., Nagata, S., UeNo, S., Kitai, R., Nozawa, S., Tsuneta, S., Suematsu, Y., Ichimoto, K., Shimizu, T., Katsukawa, Y., Tarbell, T.D., Berger, T.E., Lites, B.W., Shine, R.A., Title, A.M.: Science 318, 1591 (2007).  https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1146708. 0810.3974 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Shimojo, M., Hashimoto, S., Shibata, K., Hirayama, T., Hudson, H.S., Acton, L.W.: Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 48, 123 (1996).  https://doi.org/10.1093/pasj/48.1.123 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Shimojo, M., Narukage, N., Kano, R., Sakao, T., Tsuneta, S., Shibasaki, K., Cirtain, J.W., Lundquist, L.L., Reeves, K.K., Savcheva, A.: Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 59, 745 (2007).  https://doi.org/10.1093/pasj/59.sp3.S745 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Skogsrud, H., Rouppe van der Voort, L., De Pontieu, B., Pereira, T.M.D.: Astrophys. J. 806, 170 (2015).  https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/806/2/170. 1505.02525 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Srivastava, A.K., Murawski, K.: Astron. Astrophys. 534, 62 (2011).  https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201117359. 1108.4148 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Steinolfson, R.S., Wu, S.T., Schmahl, E.J.: Sol. Phys. 63, 187 (1979).  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00155709 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Sterling, A.C.: Sol. Phys. 196, 79 (2000) ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Sterling, A.C., Moore, R.L., Falconer, D.A., Adams, M.: Nature 523, 437 (2015). 1705.03373 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Sterling, A.C., Moore, R.L., Martinez, F., Falconer, D.A.: AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts, 43 (2016) Google Scholar
  42. Uddin, W., Schmieder, B., Chandra, R., Srivastava, A.K., Kumar, P., Bisht, S.: Astrophys. J. 752, 70 (2012).  https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/752/1/70. 1204.2053 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Yokoyama, T., Shibata, K.: Nature 375, 42 (1995).  https://doi.org/10.1038/375042a0 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Yokoyama, T., Shibata, K.: Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 48, 353 (1996).  https://doi.org/10.1093/pasj/48.2.353 ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Zhelyazkov, I.: In: Zhelyazkov, I., Mishonov, T.M. (eds.) American Institute of Physics Conference Series. American Institute of Physics Conference Series, vol. 1551, p. 150 (2013).  https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4818864 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Zhelyazkov, I., Chandra, R., Srivastava, A.K.: Adv. Astron. 2017, 262649 (2017) CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsIndian Institute of Technology (BHU)VaranasiIndia

Personalised recommendations