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Photospheric and chromospheric activity of the short period X-ray and Algol eclipsing binary UX CrB

  • Li-Yun Zhang
Original Article
  • 61 Downloads

Abstract

We present six \(\mbox{V}R_{c}I_{c}\) light curves of UX CrB from observations carried out from 2011–2015. We also obtained three optical spectra using the 2.16-m optical telescope and LAMOST survey at the national astronomical observatories. We classified its spectral type as \(\mbox{G2}\pm\mbox{2V}\). We noticed that there are strong absorptions in the Hα, Hβ, Ca ii H&K and infrared triplet lines in the observed spectra. By subtracting away the photospheric contribution, we also noticed that there are small excess emissions in these chromospheric active lines, which indicate there are weak chromospheric activities. We tried and obtained four photometric solutions with different spot positions from our full and high time-resolution light curves in 2012, using the updated Wilson-Devinney code. The model with two spots on the primary produced the best result for explaining the observed light curves from 2012. Moreover, we explained all other light curves based on our photometric solution using our 2012 light curves. There are two active longitudes at about 68 and 255. We noticed that the starspots have both long-time (years) and short-time (about two months) variation by analyzing the light curves and its starspot parameters. There is also an obvious oscillation of light curve maximum between 0.25 and 0.75 phases by analyzing the values of \(\mbox{Max.~I} - \mbox{Max.~II}\). We conclude UX CrB are the evolved main-sequence stars with strong photometric and chromospheric activities.

Keywords

Stars: late-type Binaries: eclipsing Stars: starspots Stars: individual: UX CrB 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank Dr. Robb for sharing the data of UX CrB. This work was supported by the Joint Research Fund in Astronomy (U1631236 and U1431114) under cooperative agreement between the NSFC and CAS. Guoshoujing Telescope is a National Major Scientific Project built by the CAS. Funding for the project has been provided by the National Development and Reform Commission. LAMOST is operated and managed by the NAOC, CAS. We also thank Prof. Zhao Libo and Han Xianming L. help us to revise our English grammar and language of our manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Physics & Guizhou Provincial Key Laboratory of Public Big DataGuizhou UniversityGuiyangChina
  2. 2.Department Physics and AstronomyQiannan Normal University for NationalitiesDuYunChina

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