Dialectical Models of Deliberation, Problem Solving and Decision Making

  • Douglas WaltonEmail author
  • Alice Toniolo
  • Timothy J. Norman


Hamblin distinguished between formal and descriptive dialectic. Formal normative models of deliberation dialogue have been strongly emphasized as argumentation frameworks in computer science. But making such models of deliberation applicable to real natural language examples has reached a point where the descriptive aspect needs more interdisciplinary work. The new formal and computational models of deliberation dialogue that are being built in computer science seem to be closely related to some already existing and very well established computing technologies such as problem solving and decision making, but whether or how dialectical argumentation can be helpful to support these systems remains an open question. The aim of this paper is to examine some real examples of argumentation that seem to hover on the borderlines between deliberation, problem solving and decision making.


Deliberation dialogue Typology of deliberation Computational models Changing the issue 



Thanks are due to the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada for Insight Grant 435-2012-0104: The Carneades Argumentation System. Part of this work was supported by the Scottish Informatics and Computer Science Alliance.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Research in Argumentation, Reasoning and RhetoricUniversity of WindsorWindsorCanada
  2. 2.School of Computer ScienceUniversity of St Andrews, North HaughFifeUK
  3. 3.Department of Electronics and Computer ScienceUniversity of SouthamptonSouthamptonUK

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