Advertisement

Archival Science

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 313–332 | Cite as

Sustainability of independent community archives in China: a case study

  • Zhiying Lian
  • Gillian Oliver
Original Paper
  • 181 Downloads

Abstract

There are three models for community archives in China. The first one is where community archives are kept in government-funded/government-established museums or archives. The second is where community archives are kept by scholarly organizations such as universities. The third involves the community establishing its own archive. This last model is very unusual in China. The PiCun Culture and Art Museum of Migrant Labor (PCMML) provides an example of this model as it is the only independent community archives focusing on migrant workers in China. This paper explores the emergence and development of PCMML, its impact on community members and challenges faced including funding and staffing, but also those unique to China—PCMML is greatly influenced by a range of national and local government policies and regulations. Conclusions are that survival strategies for independent community archives in China are dependent on three dimensions: the community itself, society and the government. Cultural consciousness of the community is the premise for the establishment and sustainability of independent community archives, and independent community archives can be the public space to cultivate cultural consciousness of community members and thus activates community members’ agency to document, preserve and disseminate their own history. At the same time, independent community archives also need to engage with broader society to avoid involution and gain support and understanding. Independent community archives are constrained by government policies and regulations, so it is essential for them to develop strategic relationships with government.

Keywords

Community archives Cultural consciousness Migrant workers Farmer workers 

References

  1. Bastian J, Alexander B (2009) Community archives: the shaping of memory. Facet, LondonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Caswell M (2014) Seeing yourself in history: community archives and the fight against symbolic annihilation. Public Hist 36(4):26–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Caswell M (2017) To be able to imagine otherwise’: community archives and the importance of representation. Arch Rec 38(1):5–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Caswell M et al (2018) Imagining transformative spaces: the personal–political sites of community archives. Arch Sci 18(1):73–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. CCNIC (2018) 第41次中国互联网络统计报告 [41st China statistical report on Internet development]. http://www.cnnic.net.cn/hlwfzyj/hlwxzbg/hlwtjbg/201803/P020180305409870339136.pdf. Accessed 8 May 2018
  6. Chen Y (2005) “农民工”:制度安排与身份认同 [“Peasant-labor”: system and identity]. Sociol Study 3:119–132Google Scholar
  7. Chinese Trade Union (2017) 中国工会章程 [Chinese trade union constitution]. http://acftu.people.com.cn/n1/2017/0526/c412682-29302637.html. Accessed 10 Dec 2017
  8. Chu R et al (2014) 农民工社会认同的决定因素研究:基于上海的实证分析 [The determinant factors of migrant workers’ social identity: an empirical study in Shanghai]. Society 4:5-48Google Scholar
  9. Cook T (2013) Evidence, memory, identity, and community; four shifting archival paradigms. Arch Sci 13(2–3):95–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fei X (2005) 费孝通论文化与文化自觉 [Fei Xiaotong’s talk on culture and cultural consciousness]. Qunyan Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  11. Feng H (2017) Identity and archives: return and expansion of the social value of archives. Arch Sci 17(2):97–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Flinn A (2007) Community histories, community archives: some opportunities and challenges. J Soc Arch 28(2):151–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Flinn A, Stevens M (2009) “It is noh mistri, wi mekin histri”. Telling our own story: independent and community archives in the United Kingdom, challenging and subverting the mainstream. In: Bastian J, Alexander B (eds) Community archives: the shaping of memory. Facet, LondonGoogle Scholar
  14. Flinn A, Stevens M, Shepherd E (2009) Whose memories, whose archives? Independent community archives, autonomy and the mainstream. Arch Sci 9(1–2):71–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gao M (2013) 教育不平等的身心机制及干预策略—以农民工子女为例 [The physical and psychological mechanism and intervention strategies for unequal education-based on the children of farmer workers]. Soc Sci China 4:60–80Google Scholar
  16. Geertz C (1968) Agricultural involution: the process of ecological change in Indonesia (No. 11). University of California Press, BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  17. Giddens A (1984) The constitution of society: outline of the theory of structuration (translated by Li Kang & Li Meng). Renmin University of China Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  18. Gilliland AJ (2012) Contemplating co-creator rights in archival description. Knowl Organ 39(5):340–346CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Gilliland AJ, Štefanac T (2018) Post-x: community-based archiving in Croatia. In: Flinn A, Bastian J (eds) Community archives, volume two: sustaining memory. Facet, London (forthcoming) Google Scholar
  20. Kaplan E (2000) We are what we collect, we collect what we are: archives and the construction of identity. Am Arch 63(1):126–151Google Scholar
  21. Lian Z (2017) The creation, preservation and transmission of Shuishu archives in China. J Doc 73(6):1192–1208.  https://doi.org/10.1108/JD-11-2016-0143 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. McKemmish S, Faulkhead S (2011) Distrust in the archive: reconciling records. Arch Sci 11(3–4):211–239CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. National Statistics Bureau (2017a) 什么是农民工? [What are farmer workers?] In: Monitoring and investigation report on farmer workers. http://www.stats.gov.cn/ztjc/zdtjgz/yblh/dczsc/201710/t20171010_1540823.html. Accessed 10 Nov 2017
  24. National Statistics Bureau (2017b) 2016年农民工监测调查报告[2016 Investigation report on farmer workers]. http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/zxfb/201704/t20170428_1489334.html. Accessed 2 Dec 2017
  25. Paschild CN (2012) Community archives and limitations of identity: considering discursive impact on material needs. Am Arch 75(1):125–142Google Scholar
  26. Samuel R (1972) Headington Quarry: recording a labouring community. Oral Hist 1(4):107–122Google Scholar
  27. Sheffield R (2015) The emergence, development and survival of four lesbian and gay archives. PhD Thesis, University of TorontoGoogle Scholar
  28. Stake RE (1995) The art of case study research. Sage, Thousand OaksGoogle Scholar
  29. State Administration of Cultural Heritage (2014) 关于民办博物馆设立的指导意见 [Guideline on the foundation of non-government museums]. http://www.sach.gov.cn/art/2014/8/20/art_1329_112541.html. Accessed 19 Sep 2018
  30. State Council of China (1998) 社会团体登记管理条例(2016年修订) [Regulation on the administration of the registration of social organizations] (2016 Revision). http://www.pkulaw.cn/fulltext_form.aspx?Gid=269328. Accessed 19 Aug 2018
  31. State Council of China (2015) 博物馆条例 [Regulation on museums]. http://www.gov.cn/zhengce/2015-03/02/content_2823823.htm. Accessed 2 Dec 2017
  32. Stevens M, Flinn A, Shepherd E (2010) New frameworks for community engagement in the archive sector: from handing over to handing on. Int J Herit Stud 16(1–2):59–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Wen J, Tian J (2017) 身体、话语和权力:“农民工“群体的污名化建构过程分析 [Body, discourse and power: an analysis on the stigmatization of rural migrant workers]. Academics 9:154–166Google Scholar
  34. Wurl J (2005) Ethnicity as provenance: in search of values and principles for documenting the immigrant experience. Arch Issues 29(1):65–76Google Scholar
  35. Xie SL, Feng H, Ma L (2017) Records and farmer workers—a unique Chinese case. Arch Rec.  https://doi.org/10.1080/23257962.2017.1392936 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Xu D (2017) 众筹打工文化艺术博物馆, 我们做到了! [Crowdfunding PCMML We did it!] http://www.sohu.com/a/191610831_F137204. Accessed 5 Dec 2017
  37. Yin RK (1994) Case study research: design and methods, 2nd edn. Sage, Thousand OaksGoogle Scholar
  38. Zhang Y (1984) 县属镇的“农民工”—吴江县的调查 [“Farmer workers” in towns—based on the investigation in Wujiang County]. In: Research Group on the Studies of Small Cities in Jiangsu Province (eds) Small Cities Big Issues—proceedings of the studies on small cities of Jiangsu Province. Jiangsu People Press, NanjingGoogle Scholar
  39. Zhou H (2010) 中国社会组织管理体制改革—基于治理与善治的视角 [Chinese social organizations management system revolution—from the perspective of governance and good governance]. Marx Real 5:113–121Google Scholar
  40. Zhou X (2013) 再论中国体验:内涵、特征与研究意义 [On Chinese feeling: connotations, characters and significance of research]. Soc Rev China 1:13–21Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Library, Information and Archival StudiesShanghai University of ChinaShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Caulfield School of Information TechnologyMonash UniversityCaulfield EastAustralia

Personalised recommendations