Aquaculture International

, Volume 27, Issue 5, pp 1435–1450 | Cite as

Multi-model inference as criterion to determine differences in growth patterns of distinct Crassostrea gigas stocks

  • F. J. Reynaga-Franco
  • E. A. Aragón-Noriega
  • J. M. Grijalva-Chon
  • R. Castro-Longoria
  • J. A. Arreola-Lizárraga
  • R. H. Barraza-Guardado
  • J. Chávez-VillalbaEmail author


Production of Crassostrea gigas in hatcheries may be affected by different factors influencing spat quality; this will be reflected during its cultivation in the field. The main indicator of quality is growth. Growth modeling is a form of determining individual growth patterns in bivalves. In this study, multi-model inference (MMI) and the Akaike information criterion (AIC) were employed to identify differences in growth patterns of distinct C. gigas stocks. The experiment used spat produced in four different hatcheries (A, B, C, and D), which were cultivated under identical conditions. The stocks showed similar growth patterns but the best growth models to describe every case were different; hatchery A—von Bertalanffy (AIC = − 15.27), hatchery B—Schnute model case 3 (AIC = − 0.46), and hatcheries C and D—Schnute model case 1 (AIC = 233.4 and − 73.3, respectively). According to the models, oysters from hatchery B did not reach their maximum growth while the rest did it. Differences may be attributed to stock origin while the spat quality seems associated with production protocols. Results showed that growth patterns of C. gigas can be variable under the same cultivation conditions but the differences are difficult to detect. We demonstrated that the only way to find such differences was via MMI, and this approach should be used for any aquaculture resource.


Akaike information criterion Epigenetics Hatchery Oyster culture Spat Temperature 



Thanks to Martín Acedo-Valdez (UNISON), Víctor Vera and Francisco Hoyos-Chairez (CREMES), Edgar Alcántara-Razo, and Andrés Hernández-Ibarra (CIBNOR), for their logistic support in the field.

Funding information

This study was funded by the Fundación Produce Sonora (project 898-1) with additional support from CIBNOR (project 900-721). Reynaga-Franco, F., was a recipient of a fellowship from CONACYT Mexico.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed by the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. J. Reynaga-Franco
    • 1
  • E. A. Aragón-Noriega
    • 2
  • J. M. Grijalva-Chon
    • 1
  • R. Castro-Longoria
    • 1
  • J. A. Arreola-Lizárraga
    • 2
  • R. H. Barraza-Guardado
    • 1
  • J. Chávez-Villalba
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Departamento de Investigaciones Científicas y TecnológicasUniversidad de SonoraHermosilloMexico
  2. 2.Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste (CIBNOR)GuaymasMexico

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