Multi-model inference as criterion to determine differences in growth patterns of distinct Crassostrea gigas stocks
- 70 Downloads
Production of Crassostrea gigas in hatcheries may be affected by different factors influencing spat quality; this will be reflected during its cultivation in the field. The main indicator of quality is growth. Growth modeling is a form of determining individual growth patterns in bivalves. In this study, multi-model inference (MMI) and the Akaike information criterion (AIC) were employed to identify differences in growth patterns of distinct C. gigas stocks. The experiment used spat produced in four different hatcheries (A, B, C, and D), which were cultivated under identical conditions. The stocks showed similar growth patterns but the best growth models to describe every case were different; hatchery A—von Bertalanffy (AIC = − 15.27), hatchery B—Schnute model case 3 (AIC = − 0.46), and hatcheries C and D—Schnute model case 1 (AIC = 233.4 and − 73.3, respectively). According to the models, oysters from hatchery B did not reach their maximum growth while the rest did it. Differences may be attributed to stock origin while the spat quality seems associated with production protocols. Results showed that growth patterns of C. gigas can be variable under the same cultivation conditions but the differences are difficult to detect. We demonstrated that the only way to find such differences was via MMI, and this approach should be used for any aquaculture resource.
KeywordsAkaike information criterion Epigenetics Hatchery Oyster culture Spat Temperature
Thanks to Martín Acedo-Valdez (UNISON), Víctor Vera and Francisco Hoyos-Chairez (CREMES), Edgar Alcántara-Razo, and Andrés Hernández-Ibarra (CIBNOR), for their logistic support in the field.
This study was funded by the Fundación Produce Sonora (project 898-1) with additional support from CIBNOR (project 900-721). Reynaga-Franco, F., was a recipient of a fellowship from CONACYT Mexico.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed by the authors.
- Barton A, Waldbusser GG, Feely RA, Weisberg SB, Newton JA, Hales B, Cudd S, Eudeline B, Langdon CJ, Jefferds I, King T, Suhrbier A, McLaughlin K (2015) Impacts of coastal acidification on the Pacific northwest shellfish industry and adaptation strategies implemented in response. Oceanography 28(2):146–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Burge CA, Judah LR, Conquest LL, Griffin FJ, Cheney DP, Suhrbier A, Vadopalas B, Olin PG, Renault T, Friedman CS (2007) Summer seed mortality of the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas Thunberg grown in Tomales Bay, California, USA: the influence of oyster stock, planting time, pathogens, and environmental stressors. J Shellfish Res 26:163–172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Burnham KP, Anderson DR (2002) Model selection and multimodel inference: a practical information-theoretic approach. Springer-Verlag, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Cáceres-Martínez J, Ramírez-Gutiérrez S, Vásquez-Yeomans R, Macías-Montes de Oca P (2004) Reproductive cycle and mortality of the Japanese oyster Crassostrea gigas cultured in Bahía Falsa, Baja California, Mexico. J Shellfish Res 3:795–801Google Scholar
- Chávez-Villalba J (2014) Cultivo de ostión Crassostrea gigas: Análisis de 40 años de actividades en México. Hidrobiológica 24:175–190Google Scholar
- Chávez-Villalba J, Aragón-Noriega E (2015) Modeling the individual growth of the Cortez oyster Crassostrea corteziensis (Bivalvia: Ostreidae) from central Gulf of California. Cah Biol Mar 56:231–236Google Scholar
- FAO (2005–2018) In: Texto de Helm MM (ed) Cultured aquatic species information programme Crassostrea gigas. Programa de información de especies acuáticas. Departamento de Pesca y Acuicultura de la FAO, Roma (13 April 2005). http://www.fao.org/fishery/culturedspecies/Crassostrea_gigas/es. Cited 17 January 2018
- Gasmi S, Bernard I, Pouvreau S, Maurer D, Schaal G, Ganthy F, Cominassi L, Allain G, Sautour B, David V (2017) Spatial patterns in the condition index of the wild Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas in a macrotidal coastal ecosystem: influence of tidal processes and beyond. J Sea Res 119:28–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Guo X, Ford SE, Zhang F (1999) Molluscan aquaculture in China. J Shellfish Res 18:19–31Google Scholar
- Haoui-Meslem N, Chávez-Villalba J, Alcántara-Razo E, Rebzani-Zahaf C (2017) Growth, condition and gametogenic activity of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas in Algeria. Cah Biol Mar 58:153–161Google Scholar
- Helm MM, Bourne N, Lovatelli A (2004) Hatchery culture of bivalves: a practical manual. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper No. 471. FAO, RomeGoogle Scholar
- Miossec L, Le Deuff RM, Goulletquer P (2009) Alien species alert: Crassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster). ICES Coop Res Rep 299:42Google Scholar
- Parsons TR, Maitia Y, Lalli CM (1984) A manual of chemical and biological methods for sea water analysis. Pergamonn Press, Oxford, UKGoogle Scholar
- Reynaga-Franco FJ, Grijalva-Chon JM, Castro-Longoria R, Barraza-Guardado RH, Arreola-Lizárraga JA, Chávez-Villalba J (2019) Biological performance of Crassostrea gigas stocks produced at different hatcheries and cultivated under same environmental conditions. Aquac Res 50:621–633Google Scholar
- Ricker WE (1975) Computation and interpretation of biological statistics of fish populations. Bull Fish Res Board Can 191:1–382Google Scholar
- Samain JF, Boudry P, Dégremont L, Soletchnik P, Ropert M, Bédier E, Martin JL, Moal J, Mathieu M, Pouvreau S, Lambert C, Escoubas JM, Nicolas JL, Le Roux F (2004) Summer mortality in the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, overview of 3-year results of the cooperative “MOREST” Project. J Shellfish Res 23:309–310Google Scholar
- Spencer B (2008) Molluscan shellfish farming. Wiley-Blackwell, HobokenGoogle Scholar
- Strickland JDH, Parsons TR (1972) A practical handbook of seawater analysis. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Bulletin no. 67, OttawaGoogle Scholar
- Utting S, Spencer B (1991) The hatchery culture of bivalve mollusc larvae and juveniles. Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Directorate of Fisheries Research, Lab Leaflet 68, LowestoftGoogle Scholar