Aquaculture International

, Volume 27, Issue 5, pp 1209–1229 | Cite as

Pressure–State–Response of traceability implementation in seafood-exporting countries: evidence from Vietnamese shrimp products

  • Khuu Thi Phuong Dong
  • Yoko Saito
  • Nguyen Thi Ngoc Hoa
  • Tong Yen Dan
  • Takashi MatsuishiEmail author


Shrimp products play a vital role in the international trade of fisheries products. The main suppliers for shrimp products are developing nations such as Vietnam, Thailand, Bangladesh, and other countries in Southeast Asia. Among them, Vietnam is one of the largest exporters of shrimp products, and developed countries, especially the United States (US), Europe, and Japan, are key importers of shrimp in the global market. An increase in the demand for shrimp products has led to the development of traceability regulations in developed countries. In this study, Pressure–State–Response (PSR) concepts are applied to evaluate the implementation responses of traceability regulations by exporting countries to meet the mandatory requirements of global markets. The evaluation was based on the prepared questions that were developed to allow comparison of specified indicators in the traceability regulations of importing countries and those of Vietnam. The examination showed that importing countries have introduced stringent traceability regulations via legislation and quality assurance practices. Regarding measures taken by exporting countries, Vietnam has introduced traceability regulations for both shrimp and other seafood products. Thus, Vietnamese regulations were found to satisfy the regulations of importing countries. However, the implementation of these regulations has faced a number of challenges, largely because of complicated of distribution channels, small-scale production, price discrimination, and a lack capital to apply for international certificates.


Pressure–State–Response (PSR) Quality assurance practices Regulations Shrimp Traceability 



We acknowledge the support and cooperation of the Provincial Department of Fisheries in Mekong Delta, Vietnam, in providing information and recommendations. We also thank Katie Stallard, LLB, from Edanz Group ( for editing a draft of this manuscript.

Funding information

This work is partly funded from Can Tho University Improvement Project VN14-P6, supported by Japanese ODA loan.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Fisheries SciencesHokkaido UniversityHakodateJapan
  2. 2.College of EconomicsCan Tho UniversityCan ThoVietnam
  3. 3.Global Institution for Collaborative Research and Education, Faculty of AgricultureHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  4. 4.Global Institution for Collaborative Research and Education, Faculty of Fisheries SciencesHokkaido UniversityHakodateJapan

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