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Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) in the Serra da Canastra National Park in Minas Gerais, Brazil: species, abundance, ecological and seasonal aspects with notes on rickettsial infection

  • Matias Pablo Juan Szabó
  • Maria Marlene Martins
  • Márcio Botelho de Castro
  • Richard Campos Pacheco
  • Graziela Virginia Tolesano-Pascoli
  • Khelma Torga dos Santos
  • Thiago Fernandes Martins
  • Luis Gustavo Antunes de Souza
  • Joares Adenilson May-Junior
  • Jonny Yokosawa
  • Marcelo Bahia Labruna
Article
  • 23 Downloads

Abstract

The Cerrado Biome is the second largest in Brazil covering roughly 2 million km2, with varying features throughout its area. The Biome is endangered but it is also source of animal species for rural, green urban and degraded rainforest areas. Ticks are among Cerrado species that establish at anthropogenic sites and although information about them is steadily increasing, several features are unknown. We herein report tick species, abundance and some ecological relationships within natural areas of the Cerrado at higher altitudes (800–1500 m) within and around Serra da Canastra National Park, in Minas Gerais State Brazil. In total of 1196 ticks were collected in the environment along 10 campaigns held in 3 years (2007–2009). Amblyomma sculptum was the most numerous species followed by Amblyomma dubitatum and Amblyomma brasiliense. Distribution of these species was very uneven and an established population of A. brasiliense in the Cerrado is reported for the first time. Other tick species (Amblyomma ovale, Amblyomma nodosum, Amblyomma parvum, Ixodes schulzei and Haemaphysalis leporispalustris) were found in lesser numbers. Domestic animals displayed tick infestations of both rural and urban origin as well as from natural areas (Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato, Rhipicephalus microplus, Dermacentor nitens, A. sculptum, A. ovale, Amblyomma tigrinum, Argas miniatus). Amblyomma sculptum had the widest domestic host spectrum among all tick species. DNA of only one Rickettsia species, R. bellii, was found in an A. dubitatum tick. Several biological and ecological features of ticks of the studied areas are discussed.

Keywords

Ticks Environment Savannah Brazil Ecology 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors acknowledge Jonas Moraes-Filho, Iara Silveira, Fernanda A. Nieri-Bastos, Diego Garcia Ramirez, Maria Ogrzewalska, William Mendes Carvalho, Guilherme Fazan Rossi, Marcus do Prado Amorim, Thaisa Reis dos Santos, Jamile de Oliveira Pascoal, Ana Claudia Lemos Gomes and Vera Lúcia de Queirogas for their help during tick collections in the field. Authors are also indebted to Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico—CNPq (Academic Career Research Fellowship to M.P.J. Szabó and Labruna, M.B. and financial support/Grant Number 471737/2007-0).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matias Pablo Juan Szabó
    • 1
  • Maria Marlene Martins
    • 1
  • Márcio Botelho de Castro
    • 2
  • Richard Campos Pacheco
    • 3
  • Graziela Virginia Tolesano-Pascoli
    • 1
  • Khelma Torga dos Santos
    • 1
  • Thiago Fernandes Martins
    • 4
  • Luis Gustavo Antunes de Souza
    • 1
  • Joares Adenilson May-Junior
    • 5
  • Jonny Yokosawa
    • 6
  • Marcelo Bahia Labruna
    • 4
  1. 1.Laboratório de Ixodologia, Faculdade de Medicina VeterináriaUniversidade Federal de UberlândiaUberlândiaBrazil
  2. 2.Laboratório de Patologia VeterináriaUniversidade de BrasíliaBrasíliaBrazil
  3. 3.Departamento de Ciências Básicas e Produção Animal, Faculdade de Agronomia, Medicina Veterinária e ZootecniaUniversidade Federal de Mato GrossoCuiabáBrazil
  4. 4.Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  5. 5.Departamento de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde e de Ciências Sociais AplicadasUniversidade do Sul de Santa CatarinaTubarãoBrazil
  6. 6.Laboratório de Virologia, Instituto de Ciências BiomédicasUniversidade Federal de UberlândiaUberlândiaBrazil

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