Asia Pacific Journal of Management

, Volume 36, Issue 1, pp 1–16 | Cite as

A typology of three-way interaction models: Applications and suggestions for Asian management research

  • Long W. Lam
  • Aichia Chuang
  • Chi-Sum Wong
  • Julie N. Y. ZhuEmail author


We develop a typology of three-way interaction models in order to stimulate more Asia management studies using this approach. In this paper, we explain how to approach moderation based on three-way interactions, introduce three types of three-way interaction models, and provide the appropriate post-hoc statistical procedures accordingly. We also outline several future research examples to demonstrate how three-way interactions can be used in Asian management research.


Three-way interaction Moderation Joint moderating effects Moderated moderating effects Moderated joint effects 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Business AdministrationUniversity of MacauTaipaMacau
  2. 2.Department of Business AdministrationNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan
  3. 3.Department of ManagementChinese University of Hong KongShatin, N. T.Hong Kong

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