Assessing Implementation Strategy Reporting in the Mental Health Literature: A Narrative Review

  • Cole HooleyEmail author
  • Takashi Amano
  • Lara Markovitz
  • Lauren Yaeger
  • Enola Proctor
Original Article


Inadequate implementation strategy reporting restricts research synthesis and replicability. We explored the implementation strategy reporting quality of a sample of mental health articles using Proctor et al.’s (Implement Sci 8:139, 2013) reporting recommendations. We conducted a narrative review to generate the sample of articles and assigned a reporting quality score to each article. The mean article reporting score was 54% (range 17–100%). The most reported domains were: name (100%), action (82%), target (80%), and actor (67%). The least reported domains included definition (6%), temporality (26%), justification (34%), and outcome (37%). We discuss limitations and provide recommendations to improve reporting.


Implementation strategies Reporting Mental health 



Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials


Standards for Reporting Implementation Studies


Template for intervention description and replication


Workgroup for Intervention Development and Evaluation Research



CH and LM were supported by NIMH T32 MH019960. EP is supported by NIMH R25 MH080916-09 and NIH NCATS 1620-87686.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

EP is the lead author of the implementation strategy reporting recommendations on which this study is based.

Research Involving Human Participants and/or Animals

This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.

Supplementary material

10488_2019_965_MOESM1_ESM.docx (19 kb)
Title: Search strategy word document and inclusion/exclusion criteria. Description: This file contains the full search strategies we used to obtain our initial sample of articles. This file also contains a table outlining the inclusion/exclusion criteria we used to assess the articles. (DOCX 18 kb)
10488_2019_965_MOESM2_ESM.docx (18 kb)
Title: Example of an implementation strategy recommendation reporting table. Description: This file provides an example of an abbreviated implementation strategy reporting table. (DOCX 18 kb)


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Social WorkBrigham Young UniversityProvoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Social WorkRutgers University-NewarkNewarkUSA
  3. 3.Washington University in St. LouisSt. LouisUSA
  4. 4.Washington University School of MedicineSt. LouisUSA

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