Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

, Volume 112, Issue 1, pp 47–56 | Cite as

The role of Frankia inoculation in casuarina plantations in China

  • Chonglu ZhongEmail author
  • Yong Zhang
  • Yongcheng Wei
  • Jingxiang Meng
  • Yu Chen
  • David Bush
  • Didier Bogusz
  • Claudine Franche


Casuarina trees are planted along the coast from Hainan province in South China to the Zhoushan Islands of Zhejiang province in Southeastern China. Three key species, Casuarina equisetifolia, Casuarina cunninghamiana and Casuarina glauca, are used as windbreaks, in agroforestry systems, and for the production of timber and fuel wood. Frankia have been studied in China since 1984. Today, Frankia research fields are very wide, and cover morphology, physiology and genetic diversity, and the application of inocula for specific purposes on poor quality sites. In this paper, we review the role of Frankia inoculations in nurseries and casuarina plantations in China and discuss the benefits of inoculation.


Casuarina tree Frankia Application Poor site 



This work was supported by A Specific Program for National Non-profit Scientific Institutions (CAFYBB2018ZB003), Forestry Science and Technology Innovation Project of Guangdong (2014KJCX017), National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC No. 31470634), and the CAF International Cooperation Innovation Project. Special thanks to Mr Khongsak Pinyopusarerk (CSIRO Australian Tree Seed centre) for improving the use of English in the manuscript.

Author contribution

Chonglu Zhong: Responsible for design and overall conduct of the paper, data collection, and preparation of the manuscript, funding acquisition, supervision, and so on. Yong Zhang: reference data collection and curation, formal analysis. Yongcheng Wei, Jingxiang Meng: reference data collection and curation. Yu Chen: reference data collection. David Bush: review and editing of the manuscript. Didier Bogusz: review of the manuscript. Claudine Franche: review and editing of the manuscript.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chonglu Zhong
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yong Zhang
    • 1
  • Yongcheng Wei
    • 1
  • Jingxiang Meng
    • 1
  • Yu Chen
    • 1
  • David Bush
    • 2
  • Didier Bogusz
    • 3
  • Claudine Franche
    • 3
  1. 1.Research Institute of Tropical Forestry (RITF)Chinese Academy of Forestry (CAF)GuangzhouChina
  2. 2.CSIRO Australian Tree Seed CentreCanberraAustralia
  3. 3.Equipe Rhizogénèse, UMR DIADEIRD (Institut de Recherche pour le Développement)Montpellier Cedex 5France

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