Stakeholders, green manufacturing, and practice performance: empirical evidence from Chinese fashion businesses

  • Guo LiEmail author
  • Ming K. Lim
  • Zhaohua Wang


This study explores the relationship among stakeholders, green manufacturing, and practice performance in the fashion business in China and focuses on assisting companies to enhance environmental awareness and green manufacturing practices. We collect research data by developing questionnaires for various Chinese enterprises. A five-point Likert scale is adopted to enable respondents to indicate the extent to which they agree with the items. Through tests and analyses, the questionnaire is validated as reliable, the structural equation model has a good fitting degree, and hypotheses are proved true. Specifically, corporate stakeholders have a significant positive impact on green manufacturing and practice performance, and green manufacturing has a significant positive impact on practice performance in the context of Chinese fashion businesses. Moreover, corporate stakeholders can have a positive impact on practice performance through green manufacturing. We also propose some policy implications, including implementing compulsive policies and regulations and encouraging and establishing preferential policies, such as tax concessions. Moreover, enterprises should actively strive to improve green manufacturing technology and management level to ensure the smooth implementation of green manufacturing practices. To retain sustained earnings and development, green manufacturing should be the bottom line of involved firms. We also emphasize that the importance of corporate stakeholders should be promoted in consideration of enterprises’ practice performance and future development.


Stakeholders Green manufacturing Practice performance Fashion business 



The authors sincerely thank the editors and anonymous reviewers for their insightful comments and suggestions. This research is partially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under the grant nos. 91746110, 71372019, 91746208, 71521002; the National Science Fund of China for Distinguished Young Scholars under the grant no. 71625003; the Joint Development Program of Beijing Municipal Commission of Education.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Energy and Environmental Policy ResearchBeijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingChina
  2. 2.School of Management and EconomicsBeijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingChina
  3. 3.Sustainable Development Research Institute for Economy and Society of BeijingBeijingChina
  4. 4.Centre for Business in SocietyCoventry UniversityCoventryUK
  5. 5.College of Mechanical EngineeringChongqing UniversityChongqingChina

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