Annals of Operations Research

, Volume 275, Issue 2, pp 339–366 | Cite as

Sustainability dimensions and PM2.5 in supply chain logistics

  • Jiangtao Hong
  • Chaher AlzamanEmail author
  • Ali Diabat
  • Akif Bulgak
Original Research


Sustainable Supply Chain Management (SSCM) is a topic of growing interest among researchers. Many works have investigated the negative impact of CO2 emission, but have put less emphasis on other emission types. Many works have focused on the economic and environmental dimensions of sustainability but lacked content on the social dimension. Since SSCM is concerned with all aspects of sustainability, this work undertakes the three dimensions of sustainability and models particulate pollution (PM2.5) which has been cited in the literature to have a negative impact on human health. The paper constructs a mathematical programming model that minimizes the transportation costs and the undesirable social medical costs for remedying the release of PM2.5 into the atmosphere. The paper solves a model that evaluates different transportation modes, transportation costs, carbon emissions, PM2.5, medical costs, and capturing options. Moreover, the work utilizes a Monte Carlo simulation to best present the inherent variations in the model. Largely, the work provides stakeholders with transportation mode choices and greening opportunity investments to minimize the overall transportation costs while respecting physical and operational constraints.


Particular matter PM2.5 Supply chains Sustainability Monte Carlo simulation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiangtao Hong
    • 1
  • Chaher Alzaman
    • 2
    Email author
  • Ali Diabat
    • 3
    • 4
  • Akif Bulgak
    • 5
  1. 1.International Business SchoolShanghai University of International Business and EconomicsSongjiang District, ShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Department of Supply Chain and Business Technology Management, John Molson School of BusinessConcordia UniversityMontrealCanada
  3. 3.Division of EngineeringNew York University Abu DhabiAbu DhabiUnited Arab Emirates
  4. 4.Department of Civil and Urban Engineering, Tandon School of EngineeringNew York UniversityBrooklynUSA
  5. 5.Department of Mechanical and Industrial EngineeringConcordia UniversityMontrealCanada

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