Annals of Operations Research

, Volume 274, Issue 1–2, pp 171–186 | Cite as

The Second International Nurse Rostering Competition

  • Sara CeschiaEmail author
  • Nguyen Dang
  • Patrick De Causmaecker
  • Stefaan Haspeslagh
  • Andrea Schaerf
Original - Survey or Exposition


This paper reports on the Second International Nurse Rostering Competition (INRC-II). Its contributions are (1) a new problem formulation which, differently from INRC-I, is a multi-stage procedure, (2) a competition environment that, as in INRC-I, will continue to serve as a growing testbed for search approaches to the INRC-II problem, and (3) final results of the competition. We discuss also the competition environment, which is an infrastructure including problem and instance definitions, testbeds, validation/simulation tools and rules. The hardness of the competition instances has been evaluated through the behaviour of our own solvers, and confirmed by the solvers of the participants. Finally, we discuss general issues about both nurse rostering problems and optimisation competitions in general.


Nurse rostering Optimisation competition Multi-stage optimisation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.DPIAUniversity of UdineUdineItaly
  2. 2.Department of Computer Science, CODeS and imec-ITEC, KULAKKU LeuvenKortrijkBelgium
  3. 3.Commercial Sciences and Business Management, MoBizVives University CollegeKortrijkBelgium

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