Annals of Operations Research

, Volume 283, Issue 1–2, pp 643–677 | Cite as

An integrated routing and scheduling model for evacuation and commodity distribution in large-scale disaster relief operations: a case study

  • Fatemeh Sabouhi
  • Ali Bozorgi-Amiri
  • Mohammad Moshref-JavadiEmail author
  • Mehdi Heydari
S.I.: Applications of OR in Disaster Relief Operations


Every year natural and man-made disasters cause considerable human and economic losses. It is essential to prepare for different relief operations to prevent and reduce these losses. In this paper, we propose an integrated evacuation and distribution logistic system to obtain simultaneous routing and scheduling of vehicles to evacuate people from affected areas to shelters and provide them with necessary relief commodities. We assume that shelters and vehicles have limited capacity and the demand of each affected area and distribution center could be fulfilled by more than one vehicle (split delivery). The proposed problem is formulated as a Mixed-Integer Linear Programming model with the objective of minimization of the sum of arrival times of the vehicles at affected areas, shelters, and distribution centers. We also propose a Memetic Algorithm (MA) to solve this integrated model on large-scale problems efficiently after tuning the MA parameters using the Taguchi method. The proposed model and algorithm are used to solve a case study in Tehran, the capital of Iran. The evaluation of the results shows the effectiveness of the proposed disaster relief logistic system in minimizing the total waiting time of evacuees and delivery time of supplies. The results also show that the number of relief vehicles and capacity of shelters can considerably affect the total relief time in disaster relief operations.


Disaster relief Evacuation planning Commodity distribution Routing Scheduling 



The authors would like to thank the two anonymous referees for their constructive comments.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fatemeh Sabouhi
    • 1
  • Ali Bozorgi-Amiri
    • 2
  • Mohammad Moshref-Javadi
    • 3
    Email author
  • Mehdi Heydari
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Industrial EngineeringIran University of Science and TechnologyTehranIran
  2. 2.School of Industrial Engineering, College of EngineeringUniversity of TehranTehranIran
  3. 3.School of Industrial EngineeringPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

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