Annals of Operations Research

, Volume 273, Issue 1–2, pp 587–605 | Cite as

The sightseeing bus schedule optimization under Park and Ride System in tourist attractions

  • L. Zhang
  • Y. P. Wang
  • J. Sun
  • B. YuEmail author
OR in Transportation


This paper proposes a sightseeing bus schedule optimization method for Park and Ride System in tourist attractions. The optimization method can provide a high-quality tourism experience by decreasing passenger waiting time. The optimization method consists of two fundamental steps. First, modal split for self-drive tourists is proposed based on a logit function. Then, the sightseeing bus schedule considering dynamic passenger demand is designed based on the sightseeing bus time-expanded network. The numerical results show that the sightseeing bus schedule optimization method can decrease passenger waiting time efficiently and can be applied to more realistic tourism attractions.


Park and Ride (P&R) System Tourist attractions Sightseeing bus time-expanded network Sightseeing bus schedule 



This research was supported in National Natural Science Foundation of China 71571026, Higher Education Development Fund (for Collaborative Innovation Center) of Liaoning Province, China (20110116401), Higher Education Development Fund (for Collaborative Innovation Center) of Liaoning Province, China (20110116401).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Collaborative Innovation Center for Transport StudiesDalian Maritime UniversityDalianPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Transportation Management CollegeDalian Maritime UniversityDalianPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.School of Transportation Science and EngineeringBeihang UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.School of Transportation EngineeringTongji UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China

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