Current inverting metamutator, its implementation with a new single active device and applications

  • Elham Minayi
  • I. Cem GöknarEmail author


A new kind of metamutator, namely “Current Inverting Metamutator”, its realizations using different types of active blocks and some of its applications like voltage-mode universal biquadratic filter with three input and one output terminals are presented. The proposed circuits can realize all standard filters, namely, low-pass, band-pass, high-pass, notch and all-pass without passive component matching conditions. The proposed circuit offers the features of using grounded capacitors and orthogonal controllability of angular frequency and quality factor. Then a novel realization of metamutator with one active device, additive and differential IC (AD-IC) is proposed and implemented with twelve transistors only. The metamutator with AD-IC has the advantages: (1) of creating new realizations of memristors, capacitance multipliers, inductor simulators, frequency dependent negative resistors which can be used to make IC active filters, (2) less is the number (only one) of active devices, less is the amount of disparity, (3) no need to match passive component values.


Metamutator Memristors Analog circuit design Universal filter FDNR 



The authors sincerely thank all the reviewers and Prof. Shahram Minaei for their invaluable comments, their time and their efforts for improving the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ECE DepartmentDoğuş UniversityAcıbademTurkey
  2. 2.EE DepartmentIşık UniversityŞileTurkey

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