HIV Point of Care Testing (PoCT) at Late-Night Sex on Premises Venues (SOPV) for Gay and Bisexual Men and Other Men Who Have Sex with Men (GBMSM): A Mixed Methods Analysis

  • Amy B. MullensEmail author
  • Kirstie Daken
  • Jime Lemoire
  • Charlotte Brownlow
  • Glen Driver
  • Jeff Gow
Original Paper


The aim of this study was to establish ‘proof of concept’ for a novel approach to HIV and STI testing at a sex on premises venue (SOPV) for gay and bisexual and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) during late night group sex theme parties. A mixed-methods approach was used, and the study aimed to: (1) Build upon existing SOPV funded service delivery and establish ‘proof of concept’ for this unique setting within an SOPV; (2) evaluate the uptake and feasibility/acceptability of routine HIV/STI testing for GBMSM during theme parties in SOPV; and (3) identify beliefs/perceptions regarding this health promotion activity and venue suitability. The characteristics of patrons utilising PoCT (Point of Care Testing) were established to help further reach potentially stigmatised, highly sexually adventurous GBMSM. The findings support further PoCT endeavours within MSM communities to target harder to reach communities to reduce the rate of new transmissions of HIV. Findings can inform future health promotion, screening and interventions, as well as to identify a successful method to engage harder to reach GBMSM that need further focused targeting for HIV and STI testing to reduce transmission.


Sex-on-premises venues SOPV GBMSM Gay Bisexual PoCT Testing HIV STI 



The authors would like to thank the QPP RAPID peer-testers, patrons, sauna owners and management and venue staff. They would also like to thank the HIV Foundation Queensland who supported this research and made it possible via a Grant (Reference 2017—6). The authors also thank Associate Professor Sonja March, Dr Belinda Goodwin and Dr Rachel King for guidance with data analysis, and Rowena McGregor for assistance with the literature review.


This study was funded by HIV Foundation Queensland.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors report no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of University of Southern Queensland (Approval H16REA175) and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Psychology & Counselling, Institute for Resilient RegionsUniversity of Southern QueenslandIpswichAustralia
  2. 2.School of Psychology & CounsellingQueensland University of TechnologyKelvin GroveAustralia
  3. 3.Queensland Positive PeopleEast BrisbaneAustralia
  4. 4.School of Psychology & Counselling, Institute for Resilient RegionsUniversity of Southern QueenslandToowoombaAustralia
  5. 5.School of Commerce, Institute for Resilient RegionsUniversity of Southern QueenslandToowoombaAustralia
  6. 6.School of Accounting, Economics and FinanceUniversity of KwaZulu-NatalDurbanSouth Africa

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