Predictors of Successful HIV Care Re-engagement Among Persons Poorly Engaged in HIV Care

  • Elizabeth J. ChangEmail author
  • Mark Fleming
  • Angela Nunez
  • Julia C. Dombrowski
Original Paper


The Data to Care (D2C) strategy uses HIV surveillance data to identify persons living with HIV (PLWH) who are poorly engaged in care and offers assistance with care re-engagement. We evaluated HIV care re-engagement among PLWH in Seattle & King County, Washington after participation in a D2C program and determined whether variables available at the time of the D2C interview predicted subsequent re-engagement in care. We defined successful re-engagement as surveillance evidence of either continuous care engagement (≥ 2 CD4 counts or HIV RNA results ≥ 60 days apart) or viral suppression (≥ 1 HIV RNA < 200 copies/mL) in the year following the D2C interview. Predictor variables included client characteristics, beliefs about HIV care, and scores on psychosocial assessment scales. Half of participants successfully re-engaged in care. We did not find any significant predictors of re-engagement except viral suppression at the time of the D2C interview. Close follow-up is needed to identify which D2C participants need additional assistance re-engaging in care.


HIV care continuum Retention in care Data to care Barriers to care HIV surveillance 



This work was supported by a University of Washington Medical Student Research Training Program to EJC, a grant to JCD from the National Institute of Mental Health (Grant No. 5K23MH090923); the University of Washington Center for AIDS Research (CFAR), an NIH funded program under award number P30AI027757 which is supported by the following NIH Institutes and Centers (NIAID, NCI, NIMH, NIDA, NICHD, NHLBI, NIA, NIGMS, NIDDK); and programmatic funding from the Health Resources & Services Administration to Public Health – Seattle & King County and from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to the Washington State Department of Health.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflicts of interest

JCD has conducted research unrelated to this work supported by grants to the UW from the following companies: Hologic, Curatek Pharmaceuticals, ELITech and the Quidel Corporation. All other authors report no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of MedicineUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  2. 2.Public Health – Seattle & King County HIV/STD ProgramSeattleUSA
  3. 3.Department of MedicineUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  4. 4.Department of EpidemiologyUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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