Who Do You Reach? A Norwegian Pilot Project on HIV Self-Testing that Targeted Men Who Have Sex with Men
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HIV self-testing reduces barriers associated with other HIV testing services, such as concerns about confidentiality and inconvenience. This article demonstrates who might benefit from this approach to HIV testing by describing the characteristics of men who have sex with men (MSM) who took interest in a Norwegian pilot project on HIV self-testing. Of the MSM users, 27% reported that they had never been tested for HIV. Not disclosing one’s same-sex sexuality, particularly among non-gay-identified MSM, was associated with a higher probability of never having been tested for HIV and choosing to test with an HIV self-test because of its anonymity. Never having been tested for HIV was also associated with a higher probability of choosing to test with an HIV self-test due to anonymity. The results suggest that the HIV self-tests’ ability to reach MSM who otherwise would not be tested is partly because it is an anonymous HIV testing alternative.
KeywordsMSM HIV self-testing Anonymity Confidentiality Barriers to HIV testing
The authors wish to thank two anonymous referees for many helpful comments.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
All authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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