To assess perceptions of HIV treatment as prevention (TasP), we conducted an online survey of MSM in New York City (n = 732) asking them to rate the effectiveness of different strategies to reduce HIV risk during serodiscordant condomless anal sex between men. Only 6.1% reported not knowing what TasP was, with significantly less awareness among non-gay-identified MSM, men with less education, men who reported fewer anal sex partners in the prior 3 months, and HIV-negative/unaware men who had never used PrEP. The strategy most frequently perceived to offer “a lot” or “complete” protection from HIV was daily PrEP (70.0%), followed by TasP (39.1%), intermittent PrEP (16.6%), strategic positioning (15.8%), and withdrawal before ejaculation (10.8%). Men who were HIV positive, who had ever used PrEP, and who identified as gay/homosexual were significantly more likely to see TasP as effective. Further studies should investigate MSM’s apparent skepticism towards TasP.
Treatment as prevention (TasP) Men who have sex with men (MSM) HIV prevention Perceived effectiveness Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP)
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Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
Karolynn Siegel declares that she has not conflict of interest. Étienne Meunier declares that he has no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
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