AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 22, Supplement 1, pp 70–75 | Cite as

Characterization of HIV Recent Infection Among High-Risk Men at Public STI Clinics in Mumbai

  • Hong-Ha M. TruongEmail author
  • Robin Fatch
  • Robert M. Grant
  • Meenakshi Mathur
  • Sameer Kumta
  • Hemangi Jerajani
  • Timothy A. Kellogg
  • Christina P. Lindan
Original Paper


We examined associations with HIV recent infection and estimated transmitted drug resistance (TDR) prevalence among 3345 men at sexually transmitted infection clinics in Mumbai (2002–2005). HIV seroincidence was 7.92% by the BED-CEIA and was higher at a clinic located near brothels (12.39%) than at a hospital-based clinic (3.94%). HIV recent infection was associated with a lifetime history of female sex worker (FSW) partners, HSV-2, genital warts, and gonorrhea. TDR prevalence among recent infection cases was 5.7%. HIV testing services near sex venues may enhance case detection among high-risk men who represent a bridging population between FSWs and the men’s other sexual partners.


HIV Recent infection Sexually transmitted infections High-risk men Female sex workers Transmitted drug resistance 



This study was funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIH R01 AI043914, PI: C.P. Lindan), UCSF AIDS Research Institute and the Carl L. Gaylord Estate (PI: H.M. Truong) and UCSF International Traineeships in AIDS Prevention Studies (NIH R25 MH064712; PI: G. Rutherford).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hong-Ha M. Truong
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Robin Fatch
    • 1
  • Robert M. Grant
    • 1
    • 2
  • Meenakshi Mathur
    • 3
  • Sameer Kumta
    • 3
  • Hemangi Jerajani
    • 3
  • Timothy A. Kellogg
    • 1
  • Christina P. Lindan
    • 1
  1. 1.University of California, San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Gladstone Institute of Virology and ImmunologySan FranciscoUSA
  3. 3.Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College and General HospitalMumbaiIndia

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