Women farmers in developed countries: a literature review

  • Jennifer A. BallEmail author


Very little research into women farmers in developed countries has been produced by economists, but much of what has been studied by scholars in other disciplines has economic implications. This article reviews such research produced by scholars in all disciplines to explore to what extent women farmers are becoming more equal to men farmers and to suggest further contributions to the literature. As examples, topics that has been widely researched in developing countries but have received almost no attention in developed countries include comparisons of men and women farmers’ productivity and their access to and use of resources. Discoveries in these and other areas will be important not only for their insights into the agricultural industry in developed countries, but also because they will inform, and be informed by, research on women farmers in developing countries.


Agriculture Developed countries Gender Women farmers 



Common Agricultural Policy


Community supported agriculture


European Union


Farm Service Agency


Joint farming venture


Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development


Pennsylvania Women’s Agricultural Network


United States Department of Agriculture



The author thanks participants of the Missouri Valley Economics Association annual meeting, and three anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments and suggestions. A Beatrice Summer Stipend from Washburn University’s School of Business is also gratefully acknowledged.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of BusinessWashburn UniversityTopekaUSA

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