Advertisement

Effects of land tenure and urbanization on the change of land use of cacao (Theobroma cacao) agroforestry systems in southeast Mexico

  • Samuel Oporto-Peregrino
  • Mircea Gabriel Hidalgo-MihartEmail author
  • Ricardo Alberto Collado-Torres
  • Alejandro Antonio Castro-Luna
  • Lilia María Gama-Campillo
  • Stefan Louis Arriaga-Weiss
Article

Abstract

Production of cacao and its products such as chocolate generate a global market. Despite demand, production has declined in a region historically important in the domestication of cacao in Mesoamerica. Chontalpa in southeast Mexico is an important area for cacao agroforestry systems, but a number of factors have affected current production, resulting in the elimination of many agroforestry systems. This study analyzes land use changes in the cacao production region of Tabasco State of SE Mexico using Landsat images from 2003 to 2016 to evaluate whether changes in cacao agroforestry systems into other land use forms are related to land tenure and distance to urban centers. Our results determined that land use changes were significantly lower in ejido lands, compared to other types of land tenure. A shorter distance to urban centers was associated with a higher probability of changing from cacao agroforestry systems to other land uses (grasslands, urban constructions). Members of young generations in the Chontalpa tend to move to urban centers that are continually growing at the expense of other land uses. Therefore, cacao agroforestry systems close to urban areas are more likely to change into this type of land use.

Keywords

Land tenure Deforestation Mesoamerica Cacao agroforestry systems 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Thanks are due to the Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACYT) for the scholarship granted to the first author for postgraduate studies in Ecology and Management of Tropical Systems at the DACBiol-UJAT (Grant Number 421424), to the MSc. Hilda M. Díaz-López for her support in spatial data analysis and to the Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco-DACBiol for logistic support. Chris Heider read the manuscript, and his input was very helpful for style correction

References

  1. Bonilla-Moheno M, Redo DJ, Aide TM et al (2013) Vegetation change and land tenure in Mexico: a country-wide analysis. Land Use Policy 30:355–364.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2012.04.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Carr DL, Hill U (2006) Población, tenencia de tierra, uso del suelo, y deforestación en el Parque Nacional Sierra de Lacandón. J Lat Am Geogr 5:1–16.  https://doi.org/10.1353/lag.2006.0002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Castro-Luna AA, Galindo-González J (2012) Enriching agroecosystems with fruit-producing tree species favors the abundance and richness of frugivorous and nectarivorous bats in Veracruz, Mexico. Mamm Biol 77:32–40.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mambio.2011.06.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chen M, Zhang H, Liu W, Zhang W (2014) The global pattern of urbanization and economic growth: evidence from the last three decades. PLoS ONE 9:1–17.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0103799 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Córdova CE, Jaramillo JL, Córdova V et al (2018) Estudios Sociales Revista de Alimentación Contemporánea y Desarrollo regional. Estud Soc Rev Aliment Contemp y Desarro Reg 52:1–27.  https://doi.org/10.24836/es.v28i52.577 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Córdova-Ávalos V, Sánchez-Hernández M, Estrella-Chulím NG et al (2001) Factores que afectan la producción de cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) en el ejido Francisco I. Madero del plan Chontalpa, Tabasco, México. Univ y Cienc 17:93–100.  https://doi.org/10.19136/era.a17n34.211 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Correa J, Castro S, Coy J (2014) Biology stage of Moniliophthora roreri in Colombia. Acta Agron 63:388–399.  https://doi.org/10.15446/acag.v63n4.42747 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Crawley MJ (2007) The R book. Wiley, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dahlquist RM, Whelan MP, Winowiecki L et al (2007) Incorporating livelihoods in biodiversity conservation: a case study of cacao agroforestry systems in Talamanca, Costa Rica. Biodivers Conserv 16:2311–2333.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-007-9192-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. de la Cruz M, Whitkus R, Gómez-Pompa A, Mota-Bravo L (1995) Origins of cacao cultivation. Nature 375:542–543.  https://doi.org/10.1038/375542a0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Diario Oficial de la Federación (2017) Declaración General de Protección de la denominación de origen “Cacao Grijalva”. In: 2016. http://www.dof.gob.mx/nota_detalle.php?codigo=5449991&fecha=29/08/2016. Accessed 5 Sept 2019
  12. Díaz-José O, Aguilar-Avila J, Rendón-Medel R, Santoyo-Cortés VH (2013) Current state of and perspectives on cocoa production in Mexico. Cienc e Investig Agrar 40:279–289.  https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-16202013000200004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ellis EA, Romero JA, Hernández IU et al (2017) Private property and Mennonites are major drivers of forest cover loss in central Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. Land Use Policy 69:474–484.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2017.09.048 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Exelis Visual Information Solutions (2015) ENVI services engine 5.3 user guideGoogle Scholar
  15. FAO (2018) FAOSTAT. CROP. In: 2018. http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QC. Accessed 5 Sept 2019
  16. Flores JM (2006) Chontales de tabasco. Pueblos indígenas del México contemporáneo. Comisión Nacional para el Desarrollo de los Pueblos Indígenas, México, DFGoogle Scholar
  17. Foster MS (2007) The potential of fruit trees to enhance converted habitats for migrating birds in southern Mexico. Bird Conserv Int 17:45–61.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0959270906000554 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Fox J, Bouchet-valat M, An-dronic L et al (2013) Package ‘Rcmdr’Google Scholar
  19. Fundación Cacao México (2017) Cacao en México. In: 2017. https://cacaomexico.org/?page_id=1051. Accessed 5 Sept 2019
  20. González-López OY, Jacinto-Castillo L, Pérez-Cano M (2018) El Pozol, una bebida ancestral mexicana como legado cultural inmaterial. Hitos de ciencias 24:29–37Google Scholar
  21. Gordillo-Ruiz MC, Castillo-Santiago MA (2016) Cambio de uso del suelo en la cuenca del río Sabinal, Chiapas, México. Ecosistemas y Recur Agropecu 4:39.  https://doi.org/10.19136/era.a4n10.803 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Guiracocha G, Harvey C, Somarriba E et al (2001) Conservación de la biodiversidad en sistemas agroforestales con cacao y banano en Talamanca, Costa Rica. Agroforestería en las Américas 8:7–11Google Scholar
  23. Harvey CA, González JA (2007) Agroforestry systems conserve species-rich but modified assemblages of tropical birds and bats. Biodivers Conserv 16:2257–2292.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-007-9194-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hernández E, Hernández J, Avedañi CH et al (2015) Socioeconomic and parasitological factors that limits cocoa production in Chiapas, Mexico. Rev Mex Fitopatol 33:232–246Google Scholar
  25. Ibarra AC, Arriaga-Weiss S, Estrada A (2001) Avifauna asociada a dos cacaotales tradicionales en la región de la Chontalapa, Tabasco, México. Univ y Cienc 17:101–112Google Scholar
  26. INEGI (2018) Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía. www.inegi.org.mx/. Accessed 5 Sept 2019
  27. Kim Y, Zangerling B (2016) Mexico urbanization review. Managing spatial growth for productive and livable cities in Mexico. International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank, WashingtonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Lewis J (2002) Agrarian change and privatization of ejido land in Northern Mexico. J Agrar Change 2:402–420CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Martin R, Sunley P (2015) On the notion of regional economic resilience: conceptualization and explanation. J Econ Geogr 15(1):1–42.  https://doi.org/10.1093/jeg/lbu015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Motamayor JC, Risterucci AM, Lopez PA et al (2002) Cacao domestication I: the origin of the cacao cultivated by the Mayas. Heredity (Edinb) 89:380–386.  https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.hdy.6800156 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Muñoz D, Estrada A, Naranjo E (2005) Howler monkeys (Alouatta palliata) in a cocoa plantation (Theobroma cacao) in Tabasco, Mexico: aspects of feeding ecology. Univ y Cienc II:35–44Google Scholar
  32. OCDE (2007) OCDE estudios de política rural México. Centro de la OCDE en México, Ciudad de MéxicoGoogle Scholar
  33. Oporto S, Arriaga-Weiss SL, Castro-Luna AA (2015) Frugivorous bat diversity and composition in secondary forests of Tabasco, Mexico. Rev Mex Biodivers 86:431–439.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rmb.2015.04.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Ortega S, Páez GT, Feria TP, Muñoz J (2017) Climate change and the risk of spread of the fungus from the high mortality of Theobroma cocoa in Latin America. Neotrop Biodivers 3:30–40.  https://doi.org/10.1080/23766808.2016.1266072 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Phillips-Mora W (2003) Origin, biogeography, genetic diversity and taxonomic affinities of the cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) fungus Moniliophthora roreri (Cif.) Evans et al. as determined using molecular, phytopathological and morpho-physiological evidence. The University of Reading, UKGoogle Scholar
  36. Phillips-Mora W, Coutiño A, Ortiz CF et al (2006) First report of Moniliophthora roreri causing frosty pod rot (moniliasis disease) of cocoa in Mexico. Plant Pathol 55:584.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3059.2006.01418.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Pinkus-Rendón MJ, Contreras-Sánchez A (2012) Impacto sociambiental de la industria petrolera en Tabasco: el caso de la Chontalpa. Rev LiminaR Estud Soc y Humanísticos 10:122–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Ploetz RC (2007) Cacao Diseases: important threats to chocolate production worldwide. Phytopathology.  https://doi.org/10.1094/PHP-2001-0709-01-RV CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Powis TG, Cyphers A, Gaikwad NW et al (2011) Cacao use and the San Lorenzo Olmec. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 108:8595–8600.  https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1100620108 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Priego-Castillo G, Galmiche-Tejeda A, Castelán-Estrada M et al (2009) Sustainability assessment of two cocoa production systems: case studies in rural production units in Comalcalco, Tabasco. Univ y Cienc Trópico Húmedo 25:39–57Google Scholar
  41. R Core Team (2018) R: a language and environment for statistical computingGoogle Scholar
  42. Ramírez SI (2008) La moniliasis un desafio para lograr la sostenibilidad del sistema cacao en México. Tecnol en marcha 21:97–110Google Scholar
  43. Ramírez-Meneses A, García-López E, Obrador-Olán JJ et al (2013) Diversidad florística en plantaciones agroforestales de cacao en Cárdenas, Tabasco, México. Univ y Cienc Trópico Húmedo 29:215–230Google Scholar
  44. Ramos-Reyes R, Palma-Lopez DJ, Ortiz-Solorio CA et al (2004) Change of land use by means of geographical information systems in a Cacao region. Terra Latinoam 22:267–278Google Scholar
  45. Reyes C, Mandujano JC, Díaz BE (2018) Organizaciones productoras sociales y privadas de cacao en Tabasco, México. In: Rosales R, Mercado A, Sánchez A et al (eds) Teoría, impactos externos y políticas públicas para el desarrollo regional. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Asociación Mexicana de Ciencias para el Desarrollo Regional A. C., Ciudad de México, México, pp 850–868Google Scholar
  46. Reyes-Hernández H, Cortina-Villar S, Perales-Rivera H et al (2003) Effect of farming subsidies and government funding to the agricultural sector on the land-cover change during 1990–2000 in Calakmul, Campeche, Mexico. Investig Geográficas Boletín del Inst Geogr UNAM 51:88–106Google Scholar
  47. Rice RA, Greenberg R (2000) Cacao cultivation and the conservation of biological diversity. Ambio 29:167–173.  https://doi.org/10.1579/0044-7447-29.3.167 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Richards JA, Jia X (2006) Remote sensing digital image analysis. An introduction. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  49. SAGARPA (2018) Secretaría de agricultura ganadería desarrollo rural pesca y alimentaciónGoogle Scholar
  50. Sánchez F, Pérez J, Obrador JJ et al (2016) Tree structure of cocoa agroforestry system in Cárdenas, Tabasco, Mexico. Rev Mex Cienc Agrícolas 2695–2709Google Scholar
  51. Secretaria de Desarrollo Agropecuario Forestal y Pesca (SEDAFOP) (2012) Cacao. In: 2012. https://tabasco.gob.mx/sedafop. Accessed 25 Jan 2019
  52. SIAP (2018) Anuario Estadístico de la Producción Agrícola. In: 2017. http://infosiap.siap.gob.mx/aagricola_siap_gb/icultivo/index.jsp. Accessed 5 Sept 2019
  53. Skutsch M, Mas JF, Bocco G et al (2014) Deforestation and land tenure in Mexico: A response to Bonilla-Moheno et al. Land Use Policy 39:390–396.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2013.11.013 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Solano E, Frutos M (2013) Efectos de la actividad petrolera en el desarrollo regional de Tabasco y Campeche (1970–2008). In: Bustamante-Lemus C (ed) Desarrollo regional en México. Hacia una agenda para su desarrollo económico y social con sustentabilidad. UNAM, Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas, Ciudad de México, México, pp 239–262Google Scholar
  55. Tudela F (1992) La modernización forzada del tropic: el caso de Tabasco. Proyecto integrado del Golfo. CINVESTAV, IFIAS, UNRISD, México, DFGoogle Scholar
  56. USGS (2017) EarthExplorer. In: 2017. https://earthexplorer.usgs.gov/. Accessed 20 Jan 2018
  57. Valenzuela-Córdova B, Mata-Zayas EE, Pacheco-Figueroa CJ et al (2015) Ecotourism potential of the cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) farming ecosystem with black howler monkeys (Alouatta palliata Gray) in the Chontalpa, Tabasco. Agroproductividad 8:3–10Google Scholar
  58. van Zanten HHE, Mollenhorst H, Klootwijk CW et al (2016) Global food supply: land use efficiency of livestock systems. Int J Life Cycle Assess 21:747–758.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11367-015-0944-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Zar JH (2010) Biostatistical analysis. Pearson Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle RiverGoogle Scholar
  60. Zarrillo S, Gaikwad N, Lanaud C et al (2018) The use and domestication of Theobroma cacao during the mid-Holocene in the upper Amazon. Nat Ecol Evol 2:1879–1888.  https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-018-0697-x CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. Zequeira-Larios C (2014) La producción de cacao (Theobroma cacao) en México: Tabasco, estudio de caso. Universidad Veracruzana, VeracruzGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samuel Oporto-Peregrino
    • 1
  • Mircea Gabriel Hidalgo-Mihart
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ricardo Alberto Collado-Torres
    • 1
  • Alejandro Antonio Castro-Luna
    • 2
  • Lilia María Gama-Campillo
    • 1
  • Stefan Louis Arriaga-Weiss
    • 1
  1. 1.División Académica de Ciencias BiológicasUniversidad Juárez Autónoma de TabascoVillahermosaMexico
  2. 2.Instituto de Biotecnología y Ecología Aplicada (INBIOTECA)Universidad VeracruzanaVeracruzMexico

Personalised recommendations