Impact of human and environmental factors on land cover changes of an oak silvopastoral system

  • S. KaloudısEmail author
  • Α. Pantera
  • Α. Papadopoulos
  • S. Galanopoulou
  • Ch. Damianidis


Silvopastoral systems integrate the complexity of forestry and forage-livestock management in an economically and ecologically sustainable way. However, these systems have undergone intensive pressure over the past decades caused by changes in land uses, as well as, in local socioeconomic priorities that suppressed traditional practices such as livestock grazing. These changes have caused land cover spatiotemporal diversifications whose effects were investigated in a traditional oak silvopastoral system at western Greece. In order to investigate the effect of human activities over the study area, the spatiotemporal land cover changes in conjunction with human and animal population changes and the environmental factors altitude, soil depth, inclination and rock type were analyzed. Also, forest-crown density changes were examined as a complimentary factor for the investigation of human intervention in the study area. Data about land-cover changes were derived from aerial orthorectified photographs of years 1945 and 2008, complimented by maps of environmental factors. Data digitization was implemented by the use of ArcGis. Based on the data analysis it derives that land cover changes are mainly attributed to direct human intervention. Environmental factors affect the ecosystem in two ways; first by affecting the location, type and intensity of human activities in the area, for example, soil depth determines where land is more productive and so predetermines the location, type and intensity of agricultural activities. Secondly, in the areas without or with minimal human intervention, environmental factors affect directly the land cover in conjunction with natural species necessities and their antagonistic capabilities.


Agroforestry Diachronically Management Ecosystem GIS 



This research was realized within the AGFORWARD project (Grant Agreement No. 613520) and has been co-funded by the European Commission, Directorate General for Research & Innovation, within the 7th Framework Programme of RTD, Theme 2—Biotechnologies, Agriculture and Food and by the Hellenic Ministry of Education, Research and Religion, General Secretariat for Research and Technology.


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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Agricultural University of AthensKarpenissiGreece

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