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Pollen calendars of Cartagena, Lorca, and Murcia (Region of Murcia), southeastern Iberian Peninsula: 2010–2017

  • Belén Elvira-Rendueles
  • José M. Moreno
  • Isabel Costa
  • Daniel Bañón
  • Maria José Martínez-García
  • Stella Moreno-GrauEmail author
Original Paper


Pollen allergens are one of the most important causes of respiratory allergies in industrialized countries. Aerobiological studies, including pollen and spore concentrations, allow for the defining of different palynomorph concentrations throughout the year. Pollen calendars summarize the aerobiological information of a locality in a single figure. They report which types of pollen are present at each time of the year and highlight the relative importance of some with respect to others. In this paper, the pollen calendar of three cities in the Region of Murcia, Cartagena, Lorca, and Murcia, is presented for the period 2010–2017. Sixty-three pollen types were identified in the bioaerosol of the Region of Murcia. Fourteen pollen types make up the pollen calendar of Cartagena, while 15 form those of both Lorca and Murcia. The spore types Cladosporium cladosporioides, Cladosporium herbarum, and Alternaria, have been included in the same format. The results show important qualitative and quantitative differences among the three cities. Lorca presents an aerobiological profile related to agricultural activities, while Murcia shows higher influence from anemophilous species coming from gardens and parks, and finally, given its proximity to the sea, Cartagena registers lower levels in most pollen types. The intensity of some of the pollen taxon and fungal types requires a deeper study of their responsibility for allergies in the area.


Pollen calendar Aerobiology Airborne pollen Fungal spores Region of Murcia 



The authors wish to express their acknowledgements to Ms Paula Garcia Lopez, Region of Murcia Aerobiological Network technician. PTA2017-13571-1); the Foundation for Health Training and Research of the Region of Murcia (FFIS), which funded the network technician’s contract from 2013 to 2014; the Allergy and Clinical Immunology Service, Reina Sofía Hospital, Murcia, and Rafael Méndez Hospital, Lorca, for their assistance in the sampling process; and to the Official College of Pharmacists of Murcia. Thanks also to Laura Wettersten for the language revision.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Belén Elvira-Rendueles
    • 1
  • José M. Moreno
    • 1
  • Isabel Costa
    • 1
  • Daniel Bañón
    • 1
  • Maria José Martínez-García
    • 1
  • Stella Moreno-Grau
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Environmental EngineeringTechnical University of CartagenaCartagenaSpain

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