pp 1–11 | Cite as

The equilibrium of germanium(IV) and copper(II) ions sorption from chloride solutions on the anion-exchange resin AN-31

  • Elena A. StroganovaEmail author
  • Sergey G. Bezryadin
  • Tatyana V. Larina


Isotherms of Ge(IV) and Cu(II) ions sorption on to the weakly basic anion-exchange resin AN-31 from chloride solutions have been constructed and described. The dependence of equilibrium parameters of Ge(IV) and Cu(II) ions sorption from chloride ions concentration was shown. Based on the electron spectra of diffuse reflectance of copper-containing sorbent, isotherms of sorption and isomolar copper–germanium ions distribution diagram in solutions with different chloride concentrations the nature of extracted particles has been established, and the effect of the mineral background on the sorbent capacity has been determined. The synergistic effect of Cu(II) ions sorption in the presence of Ge(IV) ions has been established. It was found that the ionic and uncharged associates formed by hydroxy-chloride polynuclear cuprate(II) cations and methagermanate anions extract from the chloride solutions onto AN-31. The possibility of selective Cu(II) ions sorption from germanium containing 1 M chloride solutions in wide range of Ge(IV):Cu(II) molar ratios from 1:3 to 1:1 has been established.


Sorption Germanium Copper AN-31 Isotherm Selectivity Hydroxy-chloride polynuclear cuprate species Electron spectroscopy of diffuse reflectance Amine hydroxy complexes Oxide dimmers Flat-squared oxide clusters 

List of symbols


Equilibrium solution phase adsorbate concentration (mmol g−1)


Initial molarity concentrations of adsorbate in solution (mmol L−1)


Equilibrium molarity concentrations of adsorbate in solution (mmol L−1)


Volume of adsorbate solution (L)


Weight of the sorbent (g)


Equilibrium concentration of adsorbate in the sorbent (mmol g−1)


Maximum adsorption capacity (mmol g−1)


Distribution coefficient of the ions at equilibrium calculated on the Henry (liner) site of the isotherm (Kd = Qe/Ce) dimensionless


Selectivity constant representing ratio between distribution coefficients of competing ions during the sorption (Ks = Kd(B1)/Kd(B2) were B1 and B2 are competing ions) dimensionless


Langmuir isotherm constant (dimensioned for isotherm in molality units in g mmol−1)


Freundlich isotherm constant (dimensioned for isotherm in molality units in \({\text{g}}^{{( 1+ {\text{b}}_{\text{F}} )}} {\text{mmol}}^{{ - ( 1+ {\text{b}}_{\text{F}} )}}\))


Freundlich isotherm constant related to adsorption intensity (characterizes the degree of approximation of the isotherm to the line)


Correlation coefficient



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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryOrenburg State UniversityOrenburgRussia
  2. 2.Department of Chemical Technology of Oil, Gas and Ecology ProcessingOrenburg Branch of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University)OrenburgRussia
  3. 3.Boreskov Institute of CatalysisSiberian Branch of Russian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia

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