Advertisement

Adsorption

pp 1–8 | Cite as

Characteristics of activated carbon in elevated-temperature pressure swing adsorption desulfurization

  • Peixuan Hao
  • Zhiming Liu
  • Yixiang ShiEmail author
  • Shuang Li
  • Ningsheng Cai
Article
  • 1 Downloads

Abstract

Elevated-temperature pressure swing adsorption could potentially replace wet methods in the field of syngas purification. However, the reversibility of sulfur removal in this technique needs to be validated. In this study, the H2S adsorption reversibility of two types of activated carbon sorbents were evaluated on a fixed-bed reactor. The effects of desorption method and desorption temperature were studied. Elevated-temperature vacuum desorption was found to be effective for regenerating adsorbents saturated with H2S. The necessities of both vacuum desorption and elevated temperature were reported. The findings were explained on the basis of the characterization results obtained using pore distribution analysis, inductively coupled plasma, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The oxidative functional groups or adsorbed O2 reacted with H2S on the surface of the adsorbents and the resultant, i.e., elemental sulfur, damaged the pore structure. The richness of the pores with a diameter range of 0.7–0.8 nm decreased by nearly 50% after several adsorption–desorption cycles. At high temperatures and under vacuum atmosphere, element sulfur could be easily distilled and removed from the fixed bed. Thus, element sulfur would not accumulate on the adsorbent, thus ensuring the reversibility of H2S.

Keywords

Desulfurization Activated carbon Pressure swing adsorption Reversibility 

Notes

Acknowledgement

This research was financed by National Key R&D Program of China (Grant No. 2017YFB0601900), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51806120) and Shanxi Province Science and Technology Major Projects (Grant No. MH2015-06).

References

  1. Alptekin, G.O., Jayaraman A., Dietz S., Bonnema M., Rao A.: A low cost, high capacity regenerable sorbent for pre-combustion CO2 capture. TDA Research (2012)Google Scholar
  2. Anna, H.R.S., Barreto Jr., A.G., Tavares, F.W., do Nascimento, J.F.: Methane/nitrogen separation through pressure swing adsorption process from nitrogen-rich streams. Chem. Eng. Process. 103, 70–79 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ashrafi, O., Bashiri, H., Esmaeili, A., Sapoundjiev, H., Navarri, P.: Ejector integration for the cost effective design of the Selexol™ process. Energy 162, 380–392 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bouzaza, A., Laplanche, A., Marsteau, S.: Adsorption–oxidation of hydrogen sulfide on activated carbon fibers: effect of the composition and the relative humidity of the gas phase. Chemosphere 54, 481–488 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cal, M.P., Strickler, B.W., Lizzio, A.A.: High temperature hydrogen sulfide adsorption on activated carbon I. Effects of gas composition and metal addition. Carbon 38, 1757–1765 (2000a)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cal, M.P., Strickler, B.W., Lizzio, A.A., Gangwal, S.K.: High temperature hydrogen sulfide adsorption on activated carbon II. Effects of gas temperature, gas pressure and sorbent regeneration. Carbon 38, 1767–1774 (2000b)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Delgado, J.A., Agueda, V.I., Uguina, M.A., Sotelo, J.L., Brea, P.: Hydrogen recovery from off-gases with nitrogen-rich impurity by pressure swing adsorption using CaX and 5A zeolites. Adsorption 21, 107–123 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Duraisamy, V., Selvakumar, K., Krishnan, R., Kumar, S.M.S.: Investigation on template etching process of SBA-15 derived ordered mesoporous carbon on electrocatalytic oxygen Reduction reaction. ChemistrySelect 4, 2463–2474 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fan, H.L., Shangguan, J., Liang, L.T., Li, C.H., Lin, J.Y.: A comparative study of the effect of clay binders on iron oxide sorbent in the high-temperature removal of hydrogen sulfide. Process Saf. Environ. Prot. 91, 235–243 (2013a)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fan, H.L., Sun, T., Zhao, Y.P., Shangguan, J., Lin, J.Y.: Three-dimensionally ordered macroporous iron oxide for removal of H2S at medium temperatures. Environ. Sci. Technol. 47, 4859–4865 (2013b)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Faramawy, S., Zaki, T., Sakr, A.A.-E.: Natural gas origin, composition, and processing: a review. J Nat Gas Sci Eng 34, 34–54 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gao, W., Zhou, T., Gao, Y., Louis, B., O’Hare, D., Wang, Q.: Molten salts-modified MgO-based adsorbents for intermediate-temperature CO2 capture: a review. J. Energy Chem. 26, 830–838 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Huntson, N.D., Attwood, B.C.: High temperature adsorption of CO2 on various hydrotalcite-like compounds. Adsorption 14, 781–789 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Jin, X., Malek, A., Farooq, S.: Production of argon from an oxygen-argon mixture by pressure swing adsorption. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 45, 5775–5787 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Jung, S.Y., Jun, H.K., Lee, S.J., Lee, T.J., Ryu, C.K., Kim, J.C.: Improvement of the desulfurization and regeneration properties through the control of pore structures of the Zn–Ti-based H2S removal sorbents. Environ. Sci. Technol. 39, 9324–9330 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Khunpolgrang, J., Yosantea, S., Kongnoo, A., Phalakornkule, C.: Alternative PSA process cycle with combined vacuum regeneration and nitrogen purging for CH4/CO2 separation. Fuel 140, 171–177 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Luberti, M., Friedrich, D., Brandani, S., Ahn, H.: Design of a H2 PSA for cogeneration of ultrapure hydrogen and power at an advanced integrated gasification combined cycle with pre-combustion capture. Adsorption 20, 511–524 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Masurel, E., Wang, Z., Szabo, R., Corbet, S.: Optimisation of the rectisol TM design with packing: the rectisol TM demonstration unit. Chem. Eng. Trans. 69, 127–132 (2018)Google Scholar
  19. Oliveira, E.L., Carlos, A.G., Rodrigues, A.E.: CO2 sorption on hydrotalcite and alkali-modified (K and Cs) hydrotalcites at high temperatures. Sep. Purif. Technol. 62, 137–147 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Qiao, Y., Wang, J., Zhang, Y., Gao, W., Harada, T., Huang, H., Hatton, T.A., Wang, Q.: Alkali nitrates molten salt modified commercial MgO for intermediate-temperature CO2 capture: optimization of the Li/Na/K ratio. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 56, 1509–1517 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Riboldi, L., Bolland, O.: Evaluating pressure swing adsorption as a CO2 separation technique in coal-fired power plants. Int. J. Greenh. Gas Control 39, 1–16 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Saleman, T.L., Li, G.K., Rufford, T.E., Stanwix, P.L., Chan, K.I., Huang, S.H., May, E.F.: Capture of low grade methane from nitrogen gas using dual-reflux pressure swing adsorption. Chem. Eng. J. 281, 739–748 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Shi, L., Yang, K., Zhao, Q., Wang, H., Cui, Q.: Characterization and mechanisms of H2S and SO2 adsorption by activated carbon. Energy Fuels 29, 6678–6685 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Sircar, S., Golden, T.C.: Purification of hydrogen by pressure swing adsorption. Sep. Sci. Technol. 35, 667–687 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Sitthikhankaew, R., Chadwick, D., Assabumrungrat, S., Laosiripojana, N.: Effect of KI and KOH impregnations over activated carbon on H2S adsorption performance at low and high temperatures. Sep. Sci. Technol. 49, 354–366 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Van Dijk, H.A.J., Walspurger, S., Cobden, P.D., Van den Brinka, R.D., De Vos, F.G.: Testing of hydrotalcite-based sorbents for CO2 and H2S capture for use in sorption enhanced water gas shift. Int. J. Greenh. Gas Control 5, 505–511 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Van Selow, E.R., Cobden, P.D., Verbraeken, P.A., Hufton, J.R., Van den Brink, R.W.: Carbon capture by sorption-enhanced water–gas shift reaction process using hydrotalcite-based material. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 48, 4184–4193 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Wang, Q., Luo, J., Zhong, Z., Borgna, A.: CO2 capture by solid adsorbents and their applications: current status and new trends. Energy Environ. Sci. 4, 42–55 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Webley, P.A.: Adsorption technology for CO2 separation and capture: a perspective. Adsorption 20, 225–231 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Wu, Y., Yang, Y., Kong, X.M., Li, P., Yu, J.G., Ribeiro, A.M., Rodrigues, A.E.: Adsorption of pure and binary CO2, CH4, and N2 gas components on activated carbon beads. J. Chem. Eng. Data 60, 2684–2693 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Zhang, F.M., Liu, B.S., Zhang, Y., Guo, Y.H., Wan, Z.Y., Subhan, F.: Highly stable and regenerable Mn-based/SBA-15 sorbents for desulfurization of hot coal gas. J. Hazard. Mater. 233–234, 219–227 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Zhang, P., Tian, X., Fu, D.: CO2 removal in tray tower by using AAILs activated MDEA aqueous solution. Energy 161, 1122–1132 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Zhang, Y., Liu, B.S., Zhang, F.M., Zhang, Z.F.: Formation of (FexMn2−x)O3 solid solution and high sulfur capacity properties of Mn-based/M41 sorbents for hot coal gas desulfurization. J. Hazard. Mater. 248–249, 81–88 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Zhang, Y., Saleman, T.L., Li, G.K., Xiao, G., Young, B.R., May, E.F.: Non-isothermal numerical simulations of dual reflux pressure swing adsorption cycles for separating N2 + CH4. Chem. Eng. J. 292, 366–381 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Zhao, C., Chen, X., Anthony, E.J., Jiang, X., Duan, L., Wu, Y., Dong, W., Zhao, C.: Capturing CO2 in flue gas from fossil fuel-fired power plants using dry regenerable alkali metal-based sorbent. Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 39, 515–534 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Zhou, D., Wang, H., Mao, N., Chen, Y., Zhou, Y., Yin, T., Xie, H., Liu, W., Chen, S., Wang, X.: High energy supercapacitors based on interconnected porous carbon nanosheets with ionic liquid electrolyte. Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 241, 202–209 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Zhu, X., Wang, Q., Shi, Y., Cai, N.: Layered double oxide/activated carbon-based composite adsorbent for elevated temperature H2/CO2 separation. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 40, 9244–9253 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Zhu, X., Shi, Y., Cai, N.: Integrated gasification combined cycle with carbon dioxide capture by elevated temperature pressure swing adsorption. Appl. Energy 176, 196–208 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Zou, Y., Vera, M., Rodrigues, A.E.: Adsorption of carbon dioxide at high temperature—a review. Sep. Purif. Technol. 26, 195–205 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peixuan Hao
    • 1
  • Zhiming Liu
    • 1
  • Yixiang Shi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shuang Li
    • 1
  • Ningsheng Cai
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory for Thermal Science and Power Engineering of Ministry of Education, Department of Energy and Power EngineeringTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations