Counseling Self-Efficacy of International Counseling Students in the U.S.: the Impact of Foreign Language Anxiety and Acculturation

  • Chi Li
  • Junfei Lu
  • Bianca Bernstein
  • Na Mi Bang


This study examined the influence of international counseling students’ (ICSs) acculturation and foreign language anxiety on their counseling self-efficacy (CSE). Results indicated that foreign language anxiety significantly predicted ICSs’ CSE, while acculturation needs further examination in this regard. Discussion and implications for counselor training and research are provided.


International counseling students Foreign language anxiety Counseling self-efficacy Acculturation 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chi Li
    • 1
  • Junfei Lu
    • 2
  • Bianca Bernstein
    • 3
  • Na Mi Bang
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Counseling and Human ServicesOld Dominion UniversityNorfolkUSA
  2. 2.Department of Educational Studies in Psychology, Research Methodology and CounselingThe University of AlabamaTuscaloosaUSA
  3. 3.Department of Counseling and Counseling PsychologyArizona State UniversityTempeUSA
  4. 4.Department of Leadership StudiesThe University of Central ArkansasConwayUSA

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