Applied Composite Materials

, Volume 25, Issue 4, pp 823–841 | Cite as

Meso-Scale Finite Element Simulations of 3D Braided Textile Composites: Effects of Force Loading Modes

  • Chao ZhangEmail author
  • Chunjian Mao
  • Jose L. Curiel-Sosa
  • Tinh Quoc Bui


Meso-scale finite element method (FEM) is considered as the most effective and economical numerical method to investigate the mechanical behavior of braided textile composites. Applying the periodic boundary conditions on the unit-cell model is a critical step for yielding accurate mechanical response. However, the force loading mode has not been employed in the available meso-scale finite element analysis (FEA) works. In the present work, a meso-scale FEA is conducted to predict the mechanical properties and simulate the progressive damage of 3D braided composites under external loadings. For the same unit-cell model with displacement and force loading modes, the stress distribution, predicted stiffness and strength properties and damage evolution process subjected to typical loading conditions are then analyzed and compared. The obtained numerical results show that the predicted elastic properties are exactly the same, and the strength and damage evolution process are very close under these two loading modes, which validates the feasibility and effectiveness of the force loading mode. This comparison study provides a suitable reference for selecting the loading modes in the unit-cell based mechanical behavior analysis of other textile composites.


3D braided composites Unit-cell Periodic boundary conditions Loading mode Meso-scale FEA 



This work was supported by the Natural Science Research Project of Colleges and Universities in Jiangsu Province (17KJB130004), Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (BK20160786) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (51605200).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chao Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Chunjian Mao
    • 3
  • Jose L. Curiel-Sosa
    • 2
  • Tinh Quoc Bui
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Mechanical EngineeringJiangsu UniversityZhenjiangChina
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringThe University of SheffieldSheffieldUK
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of Mechanics and Control of Mechanical StructuresNanjing University of Aeronautics and AstronauticsNanjingChina
  4. 4.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringTokyo Institute of TechnologyTokyoJapan

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