Applied Composite Materials

, Volume 25, Issue 4, pp 939–951 | Cite as

Mechanical Properties of Thermoplastic and Thermoset Composites Reinforced with 3D Biaxial Warp-knitted Fabrics

  • Ali Al-darkazali
  • Pınar Çolak
  • Kemal Kadıoğlu
  • Erdinç Günaydın
  • Ibrahim Inanç
  • Özgür DemircanEmail author


In this study, two types of thermoplastic matrices (low melting point polyethylene terephthalate (LPET) fiber and polypropylene (PP) fiber) and glass fiber/epoxy resin/multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were used to fabricate the thermoplastic and thermoset composite materials with 3D biaxial warp-knitted fabrics. Thermoplastic and thermoset composites were fabricated using hot-press and resin transfer molding (RTM) methods. The fabricated samples were tested with tensile and three-point flexural tests. In thermoplastic composites, samples in the 90° direction and LPET matrix showed the best tensile and flexural properties with an improvement of 39 and 21% tensile modulus and strength, 16 and 8% flexural modulus and strength compared to the PP samples in the same direction. In thermoset composites, samples in the 90° direction and MWCNTs showed the best improvement of the flexural modulus and strength with 97 and 58% compared to the samples without MWCNTs. This improvement can most likely be attributed to an increase in interfacial adhesion due to the presence of the carbon nanotubes.


Non-crimp fabric Thermoplastics composites Thermosets composites Carbon nanotubes Mechanical properties 



The authors wish to acknowledge the Research fund of OMU (Project Numbers: (PYO.MUH.1904.16.004, PYO.MUH.1904.16.005, PYO.MUH.1901.16.001) for funding this study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ali Al-darkazali
    • 1
  • Pınar Çolak
    • 2
  • Kemal Kadıoğlu
    • 2
  • Erdinç Günaydın
    • 2
  • Ibrahim Inanç
    • 1
    • 2
  • Özgür Demircan
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Department, Graduate School of ScienceOndokuz Mayıs UniversitySamsunTurkey
  2. 2.Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Department, Faculty of EngineeringOndokuz Mayıs UniversitySamsunTurkey

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