Advertisement

Gathering and Hunting Farmers; Farming Gatherers and Hunters: So, What?

Kathryn M. de Luna: Collecting Food, Cultivating People: Subsistence and Society in Central Africa. New Haven, Yale University Press, 2016, 352 pp., ISBN 9780300218534
  • Shadreck ChirikureEmail author
Book Review

Introduction

From the point of view of a “Bantu” who grew up gathering forest food and farming fields in Africa south of the Zambezi, Kate de Luna’s masterful Collecting Food, Cultivating People is about the obvious. It is a detailed rendition of the daily strategies that are utilized to feed families and communities. In my home area, the landscape is limitless but, based on situation, the activities performed on it are segregated and at the same time integrated. Landscape among the Shona is a single expansive entity—zienda nakuenda—whose stretch is endless. And yet, it is culturally partitioned into forests and fields. Fields become forests, and forests become fields as practices of food procurement are optimized to allow soils to recover and so on. The landscape is the source of livelihoods and subsistence for people—farmers, hunters, gatherers, and everyone. Regardless of label, people collect fruit, honey, vegetables, and mushrooms from the forest. Food too is collected from...

Notes

References

  1. Chimhundu, H. (1992). Early missionaries and the ethnolinguistic factor during the ‘invention of tribalism’ in Zimbabwe. The Journal of African History, 33(1), 87–109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chimhundu, H., & Mangoya, E. (2001). Duramazwi guru reChiShona. Harare: College Press in conjunction with the African Languages Research Institute, University of Zimbabwe.Google Scholar
  3. Chirikure, S. (2018). Early metallurgy and surplus without states in Africa south of the Sahara. Tagunden des landesmuseums fur Vorgeschite Halle, 18, 1–14.Google Scholar
  4. Chirikure, S. (2019). New perspectives on the political economy of Great Zimbabwe. Journal of Archaeological Research, (in press).Google Scholar
  5. Chirikure, S., Bandama, F., House, M., Moffett, A., Mukwende, T., & Pollard, M. (2016). Decisive evidence for multidirectional evolution of sociopolitical complexity in southern Africa. African Archaeological Review, 33(1), 75–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chirikure, S., Nyamushosho, R. T., Chimhundu, H., Dandara, C., Pamburai, H. H., & Manyanga, M. (2017). Concept and knowledge revision in the post-colony: Mukwerera, the practice of asking for rain amongst the Shona of southern Africa. In M. Manyanga & S. Chirikure (Eds.), Archives, Objects, Places and Landscapes: Multidisciplinary Approaches to Decolonised Zimbabwean Pasts (pp. 14–55). Bamenda: Langaa RPCIG.Google Scholar
  7. Daneel, M. L. (1970). The God of the Matopo Hills: An essay on the Mwari cult in Rhodesia. The Hague: Mouton & Co.Google Scholar
  8. De Luna, K. M. (2016). Collecting food, cultivating people: Subsistence and society in Central Africa. New Haven: Yale University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fabian, J. (1983). Time and the other: How anthropology makes its object. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Garlake, P. S. (1982). Prehistory and ideology in Zimbabwe. Africa, 52(3), 1–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gelfand, M. (1959). Shona ritual: With special reference to the Chaminuka cult. Cape Town: Juta.Google Scholar
  12. Guyer, J. I. (2007). Africa has never been “traditional”: So can we make a general case? A response to the articles. African Studies Review, 50(2), 183–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hannaford, M. J., Bigg, G. R., Jones, J. M., Phimister, I., & Staub, M. (2014). Climate variability and societal dynamics in pre-colonial southern African history (AD 900-1840): A synthesis and critique. Environmental History, 20(3), 411–445.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Huffman, T. N. (2000). Mapungubwe and the origins of the Zimbabwe culture. South African Archaeological Society Goodwin Series, 14–29.  https://doi.org/10.2307/3858043.
  15. Lane, P. (2011). Possibilities for a postcolonial archaeology in sub-Saharan Africa: Indigenous and usable pasts. World Archaeology, 43(1), 7–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Makoni, S. B. (2011). Sociolinguistics, colonial and postcolonial: An integrationist perspective. Language Sciences, 33(4), 680–688.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Manyanga, M. (2007). Resilient landscapes: Socio-environmetal dynamics in the Shashe-Limpopo Basin, southern Zimbabwe c. AD 800 to the present. Uppsala: Societas Archaeologica Uppsaliensis.Google Scholar
  18. Manyanga, M., & Chirikure, S. (2017). Archives, objects, places and landscapes: the multidisciplinary and decolonising imperative. In M. Manyanga & S. Chirikure (Eds.), Archives, Objects, Places and Landscapes: Multidisciplinary approaches to Decolonised Zimbabwean pasts (pp. 1–11). Bamenda: Langaa RPCIG.Google Scholar
  19. McIntosh, S. K. (Ed.). (1999). Beyond chiefdoms: Pathways to complexity in Africa. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Mudenge, S. I. G. (1988). A political history of Munhumutapa c 1400–1902. Harare: James Currey.Google Scholar
  21. Ndoro, W., Chirikure, S., & Deacon, J. (Eds.). (2017). Managing heritage in Africa: Who cares? London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  22. Phillipson, D. W. (2005). African archaeology (Third ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Prins, G. (1980). The hidden hippopotamus: Reappraisal in African history: The early colonial experience in western Zambia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  24. Pwiti, G. (1996). Continuity and change: an archaeological study of farming communities in northern Zimbabwe AD 500–1700. Uppsala: Societa Archaeologica Uppsaliensis.Google Scholar
  25. Pwiti, G., Nhamo, A., Katsamudanga, S., & Segobye, A. (2007). Makasva: Archaeological heritage, rainmaking and healing in Southern Africa with special reference to Eastern Zimbabwe. Zimbabwea, 9, 103–111.Google Scholar
  26. Robertshaw, P. (2018). Rivals no more: Jan Vansina, precolonial African historiography, and archaeology. History in Africa, 45, 145–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Schmidt, P. R., & Pikirayi, I. (Eds.). (2016). Community archaeology and heritage in Africa: Decolonizing practice. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  28. Schoenbrun, D. L. (2018). Crafting early African histories with Jan Vansina. History in Africa, 45, 99–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Scott, J. C. (2010). The art of not being governed: An anarchist history of upland Southeast Asia. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  30. Sharer, R. J. (1992). The Preclassic origin of lowland Maya states. In E. Danien & R. J. Sharer (Eds.), New theories on the ancient Maya (Vol. 3, pp. 131–136). Philadelphia: University Museum, University of Pennsylvania.Google Scholar
  31. Smith, J.M. (2006). Climate change and agropastoral sustainability in the Shashe/Limpopo River Basin from AD 900, PhD dissertation, University of the Witwatersrand. Google Scholar
  32. Stahl, A. B. (2014). Africa in the world: (Re) centering African history through archaeology. Journal of Anthropological Research, 70(1), 5–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Vansina, J. (1990). Paths in the rainforests: Toward a history of political tradition in equatorial Africa. Madison: University of Wisconsin Pres.Google Scholar
  34. Wolf, E. R. (1982). Europe and the people without history. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ArchaeologyUniversity of Cape TownCape TownSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations