How the relationship between physical activity and health changes with age
- 22 Downloads
In the context of age-related declines in physical activity (PA) and the dramatic increase in ageing populations in many countries, this paper sheds further light on the link between PA and self-perceived health (SPH) by examining whether the magnitude of this relationship is age specific. With a sample of 14,456 Spanish individuals aged 18–69, we estimated three levels of intensity in PA using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Individuals who did more PA per week showed higher levels of SPH (β = 0.28; 95% CI 0.24–0.32), and age moderated this relationship, with a positive effect over age 49. People aged 50–59 and 60–69 who practiced PA had higher probabilities of better SPH compared with those aged 40–49 (β = 0.14; 95% CI 0.04–0.24) and (β = 0.32; 95% CI 0.21–0.43), respectively. This association between PA and SPH also depended on the intensity of PA, especially for walking (β = 0.14; 95% CI 0.04–0.24). In particular, in comparison with people age 40–49, a statistically significant relationship with SPH was found among people age 50–59 who walked (β = 0.22; 95% CI 0.07–0.36) and people age 60–69 who did moderate PA (β = 0.38; 95% CI 0.23–0.54). This paper provides a major rationale for the design, organisation and implementation of public policies promoting PA and healthy ageing for different age groups.
KeywordsPhysical activity Age Self-perceived health Ageing Walking Subjective well-being
Funding was provided by Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte (ECO2013-48496-C4-2-R, ECO2017-86305-C4-4-R) and Fundación Caja Navarra (2017).
- Beard J, Biggs S, Bloom D, Fried L, Hogan P, Kalache R, Olshansky J (2012) Global population ageing: peril or promise? PGDA Working Paper, 1(89). Retrieved from http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/pgda/working/
- Cimarras-Otal C, Calderón-Larrañaga A, Poblador-Plou B, González-Rubio F, Gimeno-Feliu LA, Arjol-Serrano JL, Prados-Torres A (2014) Association between physical activity, multimorbidity, self-rated health and functional limitation in the Spanish population. BMC Public Health 14:1170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Hernández de Cos P, Moral-Benito E (2011) Eficiencia y regulación en el gasto sanitario en los países de la OCDE. Documentos ocasionales-Banco de España, nº 1107. (in Spanish) Google Scholar
- INE, Spanish National Institute of Statistics (2015) Spanish National Health Survey 2011–2012 (NHS). Retrieved from http://www.ine.es. Accessed 30 June 2015. (in Spanish)
- Judge GG, Hill RC, Griffiths W, Lutkepohl H, Lee TC (1988) Introduction to the theory and practice of econometrics, 2nd edn. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Lera-López F, Garrues-Irisarri MA, Suarez-Fernández MJ (2017) The correlates of physical activity among the population aged 50–70 years. Retos 31:181–187Google Scholar
- Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equality (2014) National Health Survey, Spain 2011/12. Calidad de vida relacionada con la salud en adultos: EQ-5-5L D. Serie Informes monográficos nº 3. Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equality, Madrid. (in Spanish) Google Scholar
- StataCorp LLC (2017). Data analysis and statistical software 14. https://www.stata.com/stata14/. Accessed 22 Nov 2017
- WHO, World Health Organization (2010) Global recommendations on physical activity for health. WHO, GenevaGoogle Scholar