Advertisement

Influence of stress and high-temperature treatment on the permeability evolution behavior of sandstone

  • Peng Xu
  • Sheng-Qi YangEmail author
Research Paper
  • 24 Downloads

Abstract

Permeability is an important property of rock in gas and oil exploration engineering; environmental temperature and geo-stress have great influence on it. This paper aims to analyze the influence of thermal treatment on the permeability of sandstone under triaxial compression. Based on the gas seepage tests on a sandstone specimen after different thermal treatment temperatures with different gas pressures, hydrostatic stresses and deviatoric stresses, the thermal effect on the physical properties of sandstone is firstly analyzed. The results show that the mass of the sandstone specimen decreases with the increase of temperature; some spalling damage and tensile cracks occur on the lateral surface of the specimen at 400 °C. According to the seepage test results with various gas pressures, an exponential relationship has been found between the permeability coefficient and temperature. The permeability coefficient is approximately 100 times as large as the initial value when the temperature increases from 20 °C to 800 °C. The permeability evolution of the heated sandstone under hydrostatic and deviatoric compression has also been analyzed. A simplified double-pore texture model is proposed which can describe well the permeability evolution of sandstone under compression with hydrostatic stress and deviatoric stress, and it can be helpful to estimate the permeability of thermally treated sandstone under elastic triaxial compression.

Keywords

Sandstone Triaxial compression Permeability Thermal treatment Double-pore texture model 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province for Distinguished Young Scholars (Grant BK20150005) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (China University of Mining and Technology; Grant 2015XKZD05). The authors would also like to express their sincere gratitude to the editor and two anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments which have greatly improved this paper.

References

  1. 1.
    Chen, Y.: Rock Physics. Peking University Press, Beijing (2001)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mclatchie, A., Hemstock, R., Young, J.: The effective compressibility of reservoir rock and its effects on permeability. J. Pet. Technol. 10, 49–51 (1958)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Vairogs, J., Hearn, C., Dareing, D.W., et al.: Effect of rock stress on gas production from low-permeability reservoirs. J. Pet. Technol. 23, 1161–1167 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cui, X., Bustin, R.M., Chikatamarla, L.: Adsorption-induced coal swelling and stress: implications for methane production and acid gas sequestration into coal seams. J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth 112, B10202 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Rutqvist, J., Tsang, C.F.: A study of caprock hydromechanical changes associated with CO2-injection into a brine formation. Environ. Geol. 42, 296–305 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Somerton, W.H., Söylemezoglu, I.M., Dudley, R.C.: Effect of stress on permeability of coal. Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci. 12, 129–145 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jasinge, D., Ranjith, P., Choi, S.K.: Effects of effective stress changes on permeability of Latrobe Valley brown coal. Fuel 90, 1292–1300 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Xie, H.P., Gao, F., Ju, Y.: Research and development of rock mechanics in deep ground engineering. Chin. J. Rock Mech. Eng. 34, 2161–2178 (2015)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Dong, J.J., Hsu, J.Y., Wu, W.J.: Stress-dependence of the permeability and porosity of sandstone and shale from TCDP Hole-A. Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci. 47, 1141–1157 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    David, C., Wong, T.F., Zhu, W., et al.: Laboratory measurement of compaction induced permeability change in porous rock s: implications for the generation and maintenance of pore pressure excess in the crust. Pure Appl. Geophys. 143, 425–456 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Jones, F.O., Owens, W.W.: A laboratory study of low-permeability gas sands. J. Pet. Technol. 32, 1631–1640 (1980)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ghabezloo, S., Sulem, J., Saint-Marc, J.: Evaluation of a permeability-porosity relationship in a low-permeability creeping material using a single transient test. Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci. 46, 761–768 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wang, H.L., Xu, W.Y., Jing, Z.: Compact rock material gas permeability properties. Phys. B 449, 10–18 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Yang, S.Q., Huang, Y.H., Jiao, Y.Y.: An experimental study on seepage behavior of sandstone material with different gas pressures. Acta Mech. Sin. 31, 837–844 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Zheng, J.T., Zheng, L.G., Liu, H.H., et al.: Relationships between permeability, porosity and effective stress for low-permeability sedimentary rock. Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci. 78, 304–318 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zhang, W.Q., Sun, Q., Hao, S.Q.: Experimental study on the variation of physical and mechanical of rock after high temperature treatment. Appl. Therm. Eng. 98, 1297–1304 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Zhang, Y., Zhao, Y.S., Wan, Z.J.: Experimental study on effect pore pressure on feldspar fine sandstone permeability under different temperatures. Chin. J. Rock Mech. Eng. 27, 53–58 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Wu, J.W., Zhao, Y.S., Wan, Z.J.: Experimental study of acoustic emission characteristics of granite thermal cracking under middle high temperature and triaxial stress. Rock Soil Mech. 30, 3331–3336 (2009)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zhao, Y.S., Wan, Z.J., Zhang, Y.: Experimental study of related laws of rock thermal cracking and permeability. Chin. J. Rock Mech. Eng. 29, 1970–1976 (2010)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Yang, S.Q., Xu, P., Li, Y.B., et al.: Experimental investigation on triaxial mechanical and permeability behavior of sandstone after exposure to different high temperature treatments. Geothermics 69, 93–109 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Xi, D.Y.: Physical characteristics of mineral phase transition in the granite. Acta Min. Sin. 14, 223–227 (1994)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Sun, Q., Ji, M., Xue, L., et al.: The influence of moisture content on the acoustic emission at threshold of rock destruction. Acta Geodyn. Geomater. 12, 279–287 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Davy, C.A., Skoczylas, F., Barnichon, J.D., et al.: Permeability of macro-cracked argillite under confinement: gas and water testing. Phys. Chem. Earth 32, 667–680 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Consenza, P., Ghoreychi, M.: Effects of very low permeability on the long-term evolution of a storage cavern in rock salt. Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci. 36, 527–533 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Yang, S.Q., Jing, H.W., Cheng, L.: Influences of pore pressure on short-term and creep mechanical behavior of red sandstone. Eng. Geol. 179, 10–23 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Fairhurst, C.E., Hudson, J.A.: Draft ISRM suggested method for the complete stress–strain curve for the intact rock in uniaxial compression. Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci. 36, 279–289 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Wang, H.L., Xu, W.Y.: Permeability evolution laws and equations during the course of deformation and failure of brittle rock. J. Eng. Mech. 139, 1621–1626 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Yang, S.Q., Ranjith, P.G., Jing, H.W., et al.: An experimental investigation on thermal damage and failure mechanical behavior of granite after exposure to different high temperature treatments. Geothermics 65, 180–197 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Wang, H.L., Xu, W.Y., Shao, J.F.: The gas permeability properties of low-permeability rock in the process of triaxial compression test. Mater. Lett. 116, 386–388 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Liang, B., Gao, H.M., Lan, Y.W.: Theoretical analysis and experimental study on relation between rock permeability and temperature. Chin. J. Rock Mech. Eng. 24, 2009–2012 (2005)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Yang, S.Q., Jing, H.W.: Evaluation on strength and deformation behavior of red sandstone under simple and complex loading paths. Eng. Geol. 164, 1–17 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Ge, J.L., Ning, Z.F., Liu, Y.T.: The Modern Mechanics of Fluids Flow in Oil Reservoir. Petroleum Industry Press, Beijing (2001)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Louis, C.A.: A study of groundwater flow in jointed rock and its influence on the stability of rock mass. Rock Mechanics Research Report 10, 10–15 (1969)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Cai, M.F., He, M.C., Liu, D.Y.: Rock Mechanics and Engineering. Science Press, Beijing (2009)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Wu, G., Xing, A.G., Zhang, L.: Mechanical characteristics of sandstone after high temperatures. Chin. J. Rock Mech. Eng. 26, 2110–2116 (2007)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Sun, Q., Zhang, Z.Z., Xue, L.: Physico-mechanical properties variation of rock with phase transformation under high temperature. Chin. J. Rock Mech. Eng. 32, 935–942 (2013)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Yang, S.Q., Tian, W.L., Huang, Y.H.: Failure mechanical behavior of pre-holed granite specimens after elevated temperature treatment by particle flow code. Geothermics 72, 124–137 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Yang, S.Q., Hu, B.: Creep and long-term permeability of a red sandstone subjected to cyclic loading after thermal treatments. Rock Mech. Rock Eng. 51, 2981–3004 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Chinese Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics; Institute of Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory for Geomechanics and Deep Underground Engineering, School of Mechanics and Civil EngineeringChina University of Mining and TechnologyXuzhouChina

Personalised recommendations