A novel adaptive apodization to improve the resolution of phased subarray imaging in medical ultrasound
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Phased subarray imaging (PSA) was previously proposed to extend the receive aperture length. Using overlapped subarrays as transmitters in PSA leads to decrement of sidelobe levels of the overall beam compared to full phased array imaging (PHA). This paper proposes an adaptive compounding of subarray images in PSA to improve both the resolution and contrast compared with PHA.
Adaptive apodization (ADAP) is defined proportional to the beamformed responses of subarrays such that the overall energy after compounding is minimized.
The simulation and experimental results validate the performance of applying ADAP in PSA. The full width at half maximum (FWHM) at a depth of 30 mm in the proposed PSA is about 0.2 mm, compared to a FWHM of 0.6 mm with PHA imaging. Measuring the contrast ratio index shows that the ADAP method also improves the contrast in PSA imaging at least 25% compared to PHA imaging.
Applying the proposed ADAP, besides conventional compounding in PSA imaging, leads to improvement of both the resolution and contrast compared to PHA imaging.
KeywordsPhased subarray imaging Adaptive apodization Resolution Contrast
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
There is no conflict of interest.
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
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