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Serological Survey on Bacterial and Viral Pathogens in Wild Boars Hunted in Tuscany

Abstract

Wild boar (Sus scrofa) is one of the large mammals most spread worldwide, including Italy. This animal is highly adaptable, and its population has rapidly increased in many areas in Europe. Central Italy, as well as Tuscany region, is an area particularly suitable for wild boar. In order to verify the role of this animal species in the epidemiology of some important infectious diseases for livestock and humans, a seroepidemiological survey on Brucella spp., Leptospira spp., Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae, Pseudorabies virus (PrV), and Hepatitis E virus (HEV) has been performed on 374 sera collected from wild boar during 2015/2016 and 2016/2017 hunting seasons. Overall, 2 out of 374 sera (0.53%) tested positive to Brucella spp., 33 out of 374 sera (8.82%) tested positive for Leptospira spp., while 79 out of 374 (21.12%) were positive for M. hyopneumoniae. Considering viral pathogens, serology indicated that 107 out of 374 (28.60%) samples scored positive for PrV, while 186 out of 374 (49.73%) for HEV. This investigation indicated that wild boar free ranging in the study area are potential hosts for different etiological agents. This animal could contribute to maintaining and/or disseminating some bacterial or viral pathogens to humans (especially hunters) and domestic animals, especially in free range farms.

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Funding

This research has been supported by Fondi di Ateneo of University of Pisa.

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Correspondence to Giovanni Cilia.

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All authors declare no conflict of interests.

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Bertelloni, F., Mazzei, M., Cilia, G. et al. Serological Survey on Bacterial and Viral Pathogens in Wild Boars Hunted in Tuscany. EcoHealth (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10393-020-01475-y

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Keywords

  • Zoonosis
  • Surveillance
  • Epidemiology
  • Seroprevalence
  • Infectious disease
  • Wild boar