Survey of Aujeszky’s Disease Virus in Hunting Dogs from Spain
Direct contact with swine infected by Aujeszky’s disease virus (ADV) represents a potential risk of transmission to carnivore species, in which the infection is normally fatal. We assessed exposure to ADV in hunting dogs in an area where the virus is highly endemic in wild boar populations. Two out of 466 (0.43%; 95% CI 0.00–1.02%) hunting dogs analyzed were positive by gE-bELISA, gB-bELISA and the virus neutralization test. The seroprevalence levels detected, as well as the absence of reports of clinical cases in the hunting dog groups tested, indicate limited contact of this species with ADV in the study area. Further studies are warranted to assess the pathogenicity of Aujeszky’s disease virus strains infecting wild boar.
KeywordsPseudorabies virus Suid herpesvirus 1 Wild boar Dog Serosurvey
We thank Dr. José Francisco Ruiz Fons for the critical review of the manuscript.
- FEDENCA Real Federación Española de Caza (2012). Available http://www.fecaza.com/images/stories/CAZA_Sector_economico.pdf. Accessed 26 July 2017
- Keros T, Jemersic L, Brnic D, Prpic J, Dezdek D (2015) Pseudorabies in hunting dogs in Croatia with phylogenetic analysis of detected strains. Veterinary Record Case Reports ( https://doi.org/10.1136/vetreccr-2015-000181).
- Martin SW, Meek AH and Willeberg P (1987). Veterinary epidemiology. Principles and methods: Iowa State University Press.Google Scholar
- MAPAMA Ministerio de Agricultura y Pesca, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente (2016). Available http://www.mapama.gob.es/es/ganaderia/temas/sanidad-animal-higiene-ganadera/resultadosprogramavigilanciajabalies2015_tcm7-444614.pdf. Accessed 23 October 2017
- OIE, World Organisation For Animal Health (2012) Aujeszky’s Disease, OIE Terrestrial Manual 2012, chapter 2.1.2., pp 97–113.Google Scholar
- Vitásková E, Molnár L, Holko I, Supuka P, Černíková L, Bártová E, Sedlák K (2018). Serologic survey of selected viral pathogens in free-ranging Eurasian brown bears (Ursus arctos arctos) from Slovakia. Journal of Wildlife Diseases ( https://doi.org/10.7589/2017-11-290).