Advertisement

EcoHealth

, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 306–316 | Cite as

Gender Analysis for One Health: Theoretical Perspectives and Recommendations for Practice

  • Sophia Friedson-Ridenour
  • Tracey V. Dutcher
  • Claudia Calderon
  • Lori DiPrete Brown
  • Christopher W. OlsenEmail author
Original Contribution

Abstract

One health emphasizes the interdependent health of humans, animals, and their shared environments and shows promise as an integrated, equitable transdisciplinary approach to important ecohealth issues. Notably, research or programming explicitly examining the intersection of gender and one health is limited, although females represent half of the human population and play important roles in human and animal health around the world. Recognizing these gaps, scholars from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in collaboration with United States Department of Agriculture convened a consultative workshop, “Women and One Health,” in 2016. This paper outlines the workshop methods and highlights outcomes toward shared terminology and integration of frameworks from one health, gender analysis, and women in agriculture. Further, recommendations for education, policy, and service delivery at the intersection of women’s empowerment and one health are offered as important efforts toward the dual goals of gender equality and sustainable health of humans, animals, and their shared ecosystems.

Keywords

Women Gender Empowerment Equality Transdisciplinarity One health Ecohealth Agriculture 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge and thank Stephanie J. Salyer and Janet Hyde for critically reading and improving the manuscript. All of the workshop participants are also thanked for their time, expertise, and thoughtful dialog and ideas. We also acknowledge the 4W initiative: Women and Wellbeing in Wisconsin and the World at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the UW-Madison College of Agricultural and Life Sciences for their collaboration in convening and carrying out the workshop.

Funding

The workshop was made possible by financial support from the Global Health Institute at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and through a collaborative agreement with the United States Department of Agriculture. All opinions expressed in this paper are those of the authors and do not represent official positions of the University of Wisconsin-Madison or the United States Department of Agriculture.

References

  1. Abdelali-Martini M, De Pryck J (2014) Does the feminisation of agricultural labour empower women? Insights from female labour contractors and workers in northwest Syria. Journal of International Development 27:898–916CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alam and Rahman (2014) Women in natural disasters: A case study form southern coastal region of Bangladesh. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction 8 (2014):68–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Alkire S, Meinzen-Dick R, Peterman A, Quisumbing A, Seymour G, Vaz A (2012) The women’s empowerment in agriculture index. International Food Policy Research Institute, International Food Policy Research Institute Discussion Paper 01240. Available: http://ebrary.ifpri.org/cdm/ref/collection/p15738coll2/id/127346 [accessed May 1, 2017]
  4. Altieri, M.A., Funes-Monzote, F.R. & Petersen, P. Agron. Sustain. Dev. (2012) 32: 1.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13593-011-0065-6
  5. American Veterinary Medical Association (2017) One Health—a new professional imperative. Available: https://www.avma.org/KB/Resources/Reports/Pages/One-Health117.aspx [accessed May 1, 2017]
  6. Bagnol B, Alders R, McConchie R (2015) Gender issues in human, animal and plant health using an ecohealth perspective. Environment and Natural Resources Research 5:62–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Barker G, Ricardo C, Nascimento M (2007) Engaging men and boys in changing gender-based inequality in health: evidence from programme intervention. World Health Organization. Available: http://www.who.int/gender/documents/Engaging_men_boys.pdf [accessed May 1, 2017]
  8. Brasil P, Pereira JP, Jr, Moreira ME, Riberiro Nogueira RM, Damasceno L, et al. (2016) Zika virus infection in pregnant women in Rio de Janeiro. New England Journal of Medicine 375:2321–2334CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Carney J, Watts M (1991) Disciplining women? Rice, mechanization, and the evolution of Mandinka gender relations in Senegambia. Signs 16:651–681CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2017). One Health. Available: https://www.cdc.gov/onehealth/ [accessed May 1, 2017]
  11. Chew and Ramdas (2005) Caught in the Storm: the Impact of Natural Disasters on Women. Fact Sheet, The Global Fund for Women. Accessed from https://www.globalfundforwomen.org/wp-content/uploads/2006/11/disaster-report.pdf (Jun 6 2018)
  12. Conrad P, Meek L, Dumit J (2013) Operationalizing a One Health approach to global health challenges. Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 36:211–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Cornwall A, Brock K (2005) What do buzzwords do for development policy? A critical look at ‘participation,’ ‘empowerment,’ and ‘poverty reduction’. Third World Quarterly, 26:1043–1060CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Deere CD, Leon, M (2003) The gender asset gap: land in Latin America. World Development 31:925–947CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. DeLonge, MS., Miles, A., Carlisle, L., 2016. Investing in the transition to sustainable agriculture. Environmental Science & Policy 55 (1):266–273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Denton F (2002) Climate change vulnerability, impacts, and adaptation: why does gender matter? Gender and Development 10:10–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Doss C, Morris M (2001) How does gender affect the adoption of agricultural innovations? The case of improved maize technology in Ghana. Agricultural Economics 25:27–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Duflo E, Udry C (2004) Intrahousehold Resource Allocation in Cote d’Ivoire: Social Norms, Separate Accounts, and Consumption Choices. National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper No. 10498. Available: http://www.nber.org/papers/w10498 [accessed May 1, 2017]
  19. Edigenbrode S, O’Rourke M, Wulfhorst JD, Althoff D, Goldberg C, Merrill K, et al. (2007) Employing philosophical dialogue in collaborative science. BioScience 57:55–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Errecaborde KM, Pelican KM, Kassenborg H, Prasarnphanich O-O, Valeri L, Yuuzar E, et al. (2017) Piloting the One Health systems mapping and analysis resource toolkit in Indonesia. EcoHealth 14:178–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Fawole, Bamiselu, Adewuyi, Nguky (2016) Gender dimensions to the Ebola outbreak in Nigeria. Ann Afr Med 15(1):7–13 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5452690/
  22. Food and Agriculture Organization (2011) The State of Food and Agriculture 2010-11: Women in Agriculture, Closing the Gender Gap for Development. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations. Available: http://www.fao.org/docrep/013/i2050e/i2050e.pdf [accessed May 1, 2017]
  23. Feed the Future (2016) Discussion: How Can We Enhance Gender Equality in Agriculture? Available: https://agrilinks.org/blog/discussion-how-can-we-enhance-gender-equality-agriculture?utm_campaign=BFS2016_12_06MiscAgrilinksDiscussions&utm_medium=email&utm_source=Eloqua) [accessed May 1, 2017]
  24. Fletschner D (2008) Women’s access to credit: does it matter for household efficiency? American Journal of Agricultural Economics 90:669–683CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Foley J, Ramankutty N, Brauman K, Cassidy E, Gerber J, Johnston M, et al. (2011) Solutions for a cultivated planet. Nature 478:337–342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Frankson R, Hueston W, Christian K, Olson D, Lee M, Valeri L et al. (2016) One Health core competency domains. Frontiers in Public Health 4:article 192Google Scholar
  27. Friedson-Ridenour S, Clark-Barol M, Wilson, K, Shrestha S, Ofori C (2019) Limitations of market-based approaches to empowerment: A case study from northern Ghana. [Manuscript forthcoming at Development in Practice]Google Scholar
  28. Global Health Security Agenda (2017). External Evaluations to Assess National Health Security Capacity. Available: https://www.ghsagenda.org/assessments [accessed May 1, 2017]
  29. Global One Health Core Competency Working Group (2013) One Health Core Competency Domains, Subdomains, and Competency Examples. United States Agency for International Development Respond Initiative. Available: https://issuu.com/prakitkitsupee/docs/ohcc_domains_final_respond [accessed May 1, 2017]
  30. Goodman, A (2016) In the Aftermath of Disaster: Impact on Women’s health. Critical Care Obstetrics and Gynecology 2(6):29 http://obstetrics.imedpub.com/in-the-aftermath-of-disasters-the-impact-on-womens-health.pdf
  31. WHO (2002) Gender and Health in Disasters. http://www.who.int/gender/other_health/genderdisasters.pdf (accessed Jun 6, 2018)
  32. Grace D, Mutua F, Ochungo P, Kruska R, Jones K, Brierley L, et al. (2012) Mapping of Poverty and Likely Zoonosis Hotspots: Project 4. International Livestock Research Institute, Report to the United Kingdom Department for International Development. Available: https://cgspace.cgiar.org/bitstream/handle/10568/21161/ZooMap_July2012_final.pdf?sequence=4&isAllowed=y [accessed May 1, 2017]
  33. Grassi F, Landberg J, Huyer S (2015) Running Out of Time: The Reduction of Women’s Work Burden in Agricultural Production. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations. Available: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i4741e.pdf [accessed May 1, 2017]
  34. Hueston W, Kunkel R, Nutter F, Olson D (2014) One Health Core Competencies. Available: https://www.onehealthcommission.org/documents/filelibrary/library_references/Hueston_Kunkel_OH_competencies_5E7BEEF40A553.pdf [accessed May 1, 2017]
  35. Jamieson D, Theiler R, Rasmussen S (2006) Emerging infections and pregnancy. Emerging Infectious Diseases 12:1638–1643CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Kabeer N (2001) Resources, agency, achievements: reflections on the measurement of women’s empowerment. In: Discussing Women’s EmpowermentTheory and Practice A Sisask (editor), Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, SIDA Studies No. 3. pp. 17-57 Available: http://www.sida.se/contentassets/51142018c739462db123fc0ad6383c4d/discussing-womens-empowerment—theory-and-practice_1626.pdf [accessed May 1, 2017]
  37. Kahn L (2011) The need for One Health degree programs. Infection Ecology and Epidemiology 1:article 7919Google Scholar
  38. Khurshid A (2016) Empowered to contest the terms of empowerment? Empowerment and development in a transnational women’s education project. Comparative Education Review 60:619–643CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Klein J (2004) Interdisciplinarity and complexity: an evolving relationship. Emergence: Complexity and Organization 6:2–10Google Scholar
  40. Kristjanson P, Waters-Bayer A, Johnson N, Tipilda A, Njuki J, Baltenweck I, et al. (2010) Livestock and women’s livelihoods: A review of the recent evidence. International Livestock Research Institute, Discussion Paper No. 20. Available: https://cgspace.cgiar.org/bitstream/handle/10568/3017/Discussion_Paper20.pdf [accessed May 1, 2017]
  41. Lucero, D., Morrissey, L., Rizzo, D., Rodas, A., Garnica, R., Stevens, L., Bustamante, D., Monroy, C. (2013). Ecohealth Interventions Limit Triatomine Reinfestation following Insecticide Spraying in La Brea, Guatemala. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene.  https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.12-0448 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. McDonald MC (2011) Neglected tropical and zoonotic diseases and their impact on women’s and children’s health. In: The Causes and Impacts of Neglected Tropical and Zoonotic Diseases: Opportunities for Integrated Intervention Strategies, Chofness ER, Relman DA (Rapporteurs), Washington, DC: National Academies Press. pp 357–388Google Scholar
  43. Monroy, C., Castro, X., Bustamante, D., Steffany Pineda, S.. Rodas, A.,& Moguel, B., Ayala, Vi., Quiñonez, J. (2014). Une approche écosystémique pour la prévention de la maladie de Chagas dans les zones rurales du Guatemala. 171–181.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-5281-2_14.
  44. Moser C (1989) Gender planning in the third world: meeting practical and strategic gender needs. World Development 17:1799–1825CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Moser C (1993) Gender Planning and Development: Theory, Practice and Training. New York: RoutledgeGoogle Scholar
  46. Neumayer and Plumper. 2007, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 97(3):551-566 The Gendered Nature of Natural Disasters: The Impact of Catastrophic Events on the Gender Gap in Life Expectancy, 1981–2002. http://www.lse.ac.uk/website-archive/GeographyAndEnvironment/neumayer/pdf/Disastersarticle.pdf
  47. Overholt C, Anderson M, Cloud, K, Austin, J (1985) Gender Roles in Development Projects: Cases for Planners. West Hartford, CT: Kumarian Press.Google Scholar
  48. Odeny M (2013) Improving Access to Land and Strengthening Women’s Land Rights in Africa. Paper presented at the World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty, April 8-11, 2013, Washington, DC. Available: http://web.law.columbia.edu/sites/default/files/microsites/gender-sexuality/odeny_improving_access_to_land_in_africa.pdf [accessed May 1, 2017]
  49. Oxaal Z, Baden S (1997) Gender and Empowerment: Definitions, Approaches and Implications for Policy. University of Sussex, Institute of Development Studies Report No. 40, BRIDGE Development-Gender. Available: http://www.bridge.ids.ac.uk/sites/bridge.ids.ac.uk/files/reports/re40c.pdf [accessed May 1, 2017]
  50. Pavlic B, Ruprecht L, Sam-Vargas S, and the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (2000) Gender Equality and Equality, A Summary Review of UNESCO’s Accomplishments since the Fourth World Conference on Women (Beijing 1995). Distributed by ERIC Clearinghouse. Available: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0012/001211/121145e.pdf [accessed May 1, 2017]
  51. Pawlak P, Slegh H, Barker G (2012) Journeys of Transformation: A Training Manual for Engaging Men as Allies in Women’s Economic Empowerment. Promundo and CARE International in Rwanda. Available: http://www.care.org/sites/default/files/documents/Rwanda Journey’s of Transformation.pdf [accessed May 1, 2017]
  52. Sabir M, Breckman R, Meador R, Wethington E, Reid MC, Pillemer K (2006) The CITRA research-practice consensus-Workshop model: exploring a new method of research translation in again. The Gerontologist 46:833–839CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Sen G, George A, Östlin P (2002) Engendering Health Equality: A Review of Research and Policy. Available: https://sph.umich.edu/symposium/2004/pdf/engendering_health_equality.pdf [accessed May 1, 2017]
  54. State of Food and Agriculture Team, Doss C (2011) The role of women in agriculture. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations ESA working paper No. 11-02. Available: http://www.fao.org/docrep/013/am307e/am307e00.pdf [accessed May 1, 2017]
  55. Stone Mountain Meeting Workgroups (2012) Stone Mountain Meeting Newsletter. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Available: https://www.cdc.gov/onehealth/basics/history/stone-mountain.html [accessed May 1, 2017]
  56. Suy A, Sulleiro E, Rodo C, Vazquez E, Bocanergra C, Molina I, et al. (2016) Prolonged Zika virus viremia during pregnancy. New England Journal of Medicine 375:2611–2613CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Theiler RN, Rasmussen SA, Treadwell TA, Jamieson DJ (2008) Emerging and zoonotic infections in women. Infectious Disease Clinics of North America 22:755–viiiGoogle Scholar
  58. UN Women Training Center (2017) Gender Equality Glossary. Available: https://trainingcentre.unwomen.org/mod/glossary/view.php?id=36&mode=letter&hook=G&sortkey=&sortorder=&fullsearch=0&page=-1 accessed July 7, 2018]
  59. UNDP (2001) Gender Analysis. Gender in Development Progamme. Available: http://www.undp.org/content/dam/undp/library/gender/Institutional%20Development/TLGEN1.6%20UNDP%20GenderAnalysis%20toolkit.pdf [accessed July 7, 2017]
  60. United Nations Women Watch (2009) Fact Sheet: Women, Gender Equality and Climate Change. Available: http://www.un.org/womenwatch/feature/climate_change/ [accessed May 1, 2017]
  61. USAID (2018) Farmer to Farmer. Available: http://farmer-to-farmer.org/work-us/usaid [accessed July 14, 2018]
  62. United States Department of Agriculture (2016) One Health. Available: http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?navid=onehealth [accessed May 1, 2017]
  63. WHO (2007) Addressing sex and gender in epidemic-prone infectious diseases. http://www.who.int/csr/resources/publications/SexGenderInfectDis.pdf
  64. Whitehead A, Tsikata D (2003) Policy discourses on women’s land rights in sub-Saharan Africa: the implications of the return to the customary. Journal of Agrarian Change 3:67–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. World Bank (2014) Levelling the Field: Improving Opportunities for Women Farmers in Africa. World Bank Group. Available: https://www.worldbank.org/en/region/afr/publication/levelling-the-field-improving-opportunities-for-women-farmers-in-africa [accessed May 1, 2017]
  66. World Health Organization (2007) Addressing Sex and Gender in Epidemic-prone Infectious Disease. World Health Organization. Available: http://www.who.int/csr/resources/publications/SexGenderInfectDis.pdf [accessed May 1, 2017]
  67. World Health Organization (2011) Taking Sex and Gender into Account in Emerging Infectious Disease Programmes: An Analytic Framework. World Health Organization, Western Pacific Region. Available: http://www.wpro.who.int/topics/gender_issues/Takingsexandgenderintoaccount.pdf [accessed May 1, 2017]
  68. Zinsstag J, Meisser A, Schelling E, Bonfoh B, Tanner M (2012) From ‘two medicines’ to ‘One Health’ and beyond. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 79 (June 2012) Available: http://www.ojvr.org/index.php/ojvr/article/view/492/580 [accessed May 1, 2017]

Copyright information

© EcoHealth Alliance 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sophia Friedson-Ridenour
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Tracey V. Dutcher
    • 4
  • Claudia Calderon
    • 3
    • 7
  • Lori DiPrete Brown
    • 2
    • 3
  • Christopher W. Olsen
    • 2
    • 3
    • 5
    • 6
    • 8
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Educational Policy StudiesUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA
  2. 2.Global Health InstituteUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA
  3. 3.4W Initiative - Women and Wellbeing in Wisconsin and the WorldUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA
  4. 4.United States Department of Agriculture, One Health Coordination CenterAnimal and Plant Health Inspection ServiceSt. PaulUSA
  5. 5.School of Medicine and Public HealthUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA
  6. 6.School of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA
  7. 7.College of Agricultural and Life SciencesUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA
  8. 8.Health Sciences Learning Center - Room 4276, Global Health Institute and Office of Global HealthSchool of Medicine and Public HealthMadisonUSA

Personalised recommendations