Social, Ecological, and Health Benefits of Clean Cooking
The link between pollution and health is well established and evidence increasingly highlights the importance of pollution as a risk factor for premature death. The recently published Lancet Commission on Pollution and Health estimates that pollution (including ambient air, household air, ozone, water, chemical, and occupational) is the cause of an estimated 9 million premature deaths globally in 2015, representing 16% of total mortality (Landrigan et al. 2017). Household air pollution (HAP) is a major contributor to pollution-related mortality in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) and is attributed to 2.6 million premature deaths and 40% of child under-5 deaths due to lower respiratory infections, according to the IHME global burden of disease 2016 estimates (Gakidou et al. 2017).
Since cooking and heating with biomass fuels such as wood, dung, charcoal, and crop residues is the main source of HAP in LMICs, the Lancet Commissionsuggests tackling HAP by expanding access to...
The authors would like to acknowledge the support of Joshua Rosenthal of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Implementation Science Network (ISN), who collaborated on the framing and conceptualization of the special feature. This work was made possible by the support of the American People through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and by the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves. The contents of this manuscript are the sole responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or the United States Government. The work was part of Translating Research into Action, TRAction, funded by USAID under cooperative Agreement No. GHS-A-00-09-00015-00. The project team included prime recipient, University Research Co., LLC (URC), Harvard University School of Public Health (HSPH), and sub-recipient research organizations. This work was also supported by the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, a public–private partnership hosted by the United Nations Foundation.
- Bruce N, Pope D, Rehfuess E, Balakrishnan K, Adair-Rohani H, Dora C (2015) WHO indoor air quality guidelines on household fuel combustion: strategy implications of new evidence on interventions and exposure-risk functions. Atmospheric Environment 106:451–457. (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.08.064). Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1352231014006669
- Gakidou E., Afshin, A., Abajobir, A. A., Abate, K. H., Abbafati, C., Abbas, K. M.,… Murray, C. J. L. (2017). Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks, 1990–2016: A systematic analysis for the global burden of disease study 2016. The Lancet, 390(10100), 1345-1422. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(17)32366-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Landrigan PJ, Fuller R, Acosta NJR, Adeyi O, Arnold R, Basu NN, Zhong M (2017) The lancet commission on pollution and health. Lancet (London, England), S0140-6736(17)32345-0 [pii]Google Scholar
- Puzzolo E, Pope D, Stanistreet D, Rehfuess EA, Bruce NG (2016) Clean fuels for resource-poor settings: a systematic review of barriers and enablers to adoption and sustained use. Environmental Research 146:218–234. (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2016.01.002). Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013935116300020