Topic: prevalence and determinants of adolescent pregnancy among sexually active adolescent girls in Niger
- 5 Downloads
All over the world, including in Niger, adolescent pregnancy remains a challenge requiring urgent solution. This study sought to examine the prevalence and determinants of adolescent pregnancy among sexually active adolescent girls in Niger.
Subjects and methods
The study used data from the 2012 Niger Demographic and Health Survey (DHS). The statistical software STATA version 13 was used to process the data. Both bivariate and multivariate analyses were employed in this study and results were tested at the 95% confidence interval (CI).
The study found that adolescents aged 19 years [odds ratio (OR) = 55.29, 95% CI = 25.50–119.90] and those who had ever used contraceptives (OR = 22.65, 95% CI = 5.18–99.05) had higher odds of experiencing adolescent pregnancy. On the other hand, there was a low likelihood of adolescent pregnancy among those who were married/cohabiting (OR = 0.08, 95% CI = 0.01–0.80), widowed/divorced/separated (OR = 0.03, 95% CI = 0.01–0.31) and those whose age at first sex was 16–19 years (OR = 0.23, 95% CI = 0.16–0.34).
The socio-demographic factors that influence adolescent pregnancy in Niger are interesting and important for health, economic and social concerns. Understanding the factors associated with adolescent pregnancy will lead to improved social policies, ultimately reducing adolescent pregnancy in Niger and other parts of sub-Saharan Africa.
KeywordsPrevalence Determinants Adolescent pregnancy Niger
The author is grateful to MEASURE DHS for granting access to use the data.
Conception and design of study: BOA; analysis and/or interpretation of data: BOA; drafting the manuscript: BOA; revising the manuscript critically for important intellectual content: BOA.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The author declares no conflict of interest for this research.
The author was not directly involved in data collection. However, MEASURE DHS reports that ethical clearance was obtained from the Institutional Review Board of ICF International. The Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) also anonymised all data before making them accessible to the public. Permission to use the dataset was sought from MEASURE DHS. The adolescent girls gave oral and written consent. The dataset is available to the public at https://dhsprogram.com/what-we-do/survey/survey-display-437.cfm.
Consent for publication
This manuscript is an original work and has been prepared by the author, BOA, who is aware of its content and approves its submission. The manuscript has not been published elsewhere in part or in entirety and is not under consideration by another journal. The author gives his consent for publication ins the Journal of Public Health.
- Gideon R (2013) Factors associated with adolescent pregnancy and fertility in Uganda: analysis of the 2011 demographic and health survey data. Am J Sociol Res 3(2):30–45Google Scholar
- MacQuarrie K, Mallick L, Allen C (2017) Sexual and reproductive health in early and later adolescence: DHS data on youth age 10–19. DHS Comparative Reports no. 45. ICF, Rockville, MDGoogle Scholar
- McMicking J, Lloyd J (2017) Contraception in adolescents. Women’s Health 19(3):1–8Google Scholar
- Odu BK, Ayodele CJ, Isola AO (2015) Unplanned parenthood: the socio-economic consequences of adolescent child-bearing in Nigeria. J Educ Pract 6(31):15–19Google Scholar
- United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2017) World contraceptive use 2016 (POP/DB/CP/Rev2016)Google Scholar
- United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) (2013) Motherhood in childhood: facing the challenge of adolescent pregnancy. UNFPA, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- World Health Organization (WHO) (2018) Adolescent birth rate. https://www.who.int/gho/maternal_health/reproductive_health/adolescent_fertility/en
- World Population Review (2019) Age of consent by country 2019. http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/countries-by-age-of-consent
- Yasmin G, Kumar A, Parihar B (2014) Teenage pregnancy—its impact on maternal and fetal outcome. Int J Sci Stud 1(6):9–13Google Scholar