A survey to validate the traditional Siddha perception of diabetes mellitus
- 30 Downloads
To investigate the influence of gender, marital status, specific food, and lifestyle habits that could possibly be the causative factor according to ancient medical texts. Exploring the alternative medicinal knowledge about diabetes mellitus (DM) and validating its authenticity by carrying out a modern-day study with a scientific perception in identifying the specific food and lifestyle causing DM.
Subjects and methods
Our study was conducted during the period 2015 to 2017 in Tamil Nadu and Kerala States, South India. Data was collected from 1206 individuals aged between 18 and 89 years through a predesigned questionnaire which included seven novel questions acquired from the traditional Indian texts of Siddha medicine.
A questionnaire-based study conducted using which a total of 1206 subjects (men: 55.4%; women: 44.6%) were evaluated with a mean age of 42.88 ± 13.212 years. A higher number of males were affected than females. It is also evident that married people get more affected by Type 2 ,whereas unmarried subjects were found to be more affected by Type 1. There is a significant effect of gender and marital status, and also the influence of specific food and lifestyle habits listed is evident.
The antiquity of early descriptions of diabetes underscores the importance of the observation and recording of medical conditions as humans evolve; more similar studies should be conducted to validate the data in ancient medicinal texts and to prove their authenticity in the modern scientific era.
KeywordsDiabetes mellitus (DM) Traditional medicine Health survey Data collection
We would like to thank the authorities of Bharathiar University, Coimbatore for providing infrastructure facilities for this research work. We are grateful to the authors of the articles included in the reference, many of whom kindly provided us with additional information regarding their studies. We also express our gratitude to Bioline Diagnostics and Labs, Coimbatore for their support in completion of the research work. Last but not least, we thank the patients and their families for their dedicated participation in completion of the work. This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
Compliance with ethical standards
All adopted procedures and methodology used were in agreement with the ethical standards for research at the university.
Conflict of interest
All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- Abu-Aisha H, Elhassan EA, Khamis AH, Abu-Elmaali A (2008) Hypertension and obesity in police forces households in Khartoum, Sudan: a pilot report-part of the “police forces hypertension, diabetes, renal insufficiency, and thyroid derangements (HyDRIT) study”, Sudan. Sudanese J Public Health 3:17–25Google Scholar
- Anjana RM, Pradeepa R, Deepa M, Datta M, Sudha V, Unnikrishnan R, Bhansali A, Joshi SR, Joshi PP, Yajnik CS, Dhandhania VK (2011) Prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes (impaired fasting glucose and/or impaired glucose tolerance) in urban and rural India: phase I results of the Indian Council of Medical Research–INdiaDIABetes (ICMR–INDIAB) study. Diabetologia 54:3022–3027CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Asha PB, Murthy BN, Chellamariappan M, Gupte MD, Krishnaswami CV (2001) Prevalence of known diabetes in Chennai City. J Assoc Physicians India 49:974–981Google Scholar
- Azimi-Nezhad M, Ghayour-Mobarhan MP, Parizadeh MR, Safarian M, Esmaeili H, Parizadeh SM, Khodaee G, Hosseini J, Abasalti Z, Hassankhani B, Ferns G (2008) Prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Iran and its relationship with gender, urbanisation, education, marital status and occupation. Singap Med J 49:571Google Scholar
- Bosi PL, Carvalho AM, Contrera D, Casale G, Pereira MA, Gronner MF, Diogo TM, Torquarto MT, Oishi J, Leal AM (2009) Prevalence of diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance in the urban population of 30 to 79 years of the city of São Carlos, São Paulo. Arq Bras Endocrinol Metabol 53:726–732CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Goswami AK, Gupta SK, Kalaivani M, Nongkynrih B, Pandav CS (2016) Burden of hypertension and diabetes among urban population aged≥ 60 years in South Delhi: a community based study. J Clin Diagn Res 10:LC01Google Scholar
- Iyer SR, Iyer RR, Upasani SV, Baitule MN (2001) Diabetes mellitus in Dombivli—an urban population study. J Assoc Physicians India 49:713–716Google Scholar
- Olatunbosun ST, Ojo PO, Fineberg NS, Bella AF (1998) Prevalence of diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose tolerance in a group of urban adults in Nigeria. J Natl Med Assoc 90:293Google Scholar
- Pandey MM, Rastogi S, Rawat AK (2013) Indian traditional ayurvedic system of medicine and nutritional supplementation. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2013:376327Google Scholar
- Piet JH. (1952) A logical presentation of the Śaiva Siddhānta Philosophy. Doctoral dissertation, Christian Literature Society for India (United Society for Christian Literature)Google Scholar
- Rahmanian K, Shojaei M, Jahromi AS (2013) Relation of type 2 diabetes mellitus with gender, education, and marital status in an Iranian urban population. Rep Biochem Mol Biol 1:64Google Scholar
- Ramachandran A (2005) Epidemiology of diabetes in India—three decades of research. J Assoc Physicians India 53:34–38Google Scholar
- Ramachandran A, Snehalatha C, Kapur A, Vijay V, Mohan V, Das AK, Rao PV, Yajnik CS, Kumar KP, Nair JD (2001) Diabetes Epidemiology Study Group in India (DESI). High prevalence of diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance in India: National Urban Diabetes Survey. Diabetologia 44:1094–1101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Sadikot SM, Nigam A, Das S, Bajaj S, Zargar AH, Prasannakumar KM, Sosale A, Munichoodappa C, Seshiah V, Singh SK, Jamal A (2004) The burden of diabetes and impaired fasting glucose in India using the ADA 1997 criteria: prevalence of diabetes in India study (PODIS). Diabetes Res Clin Pract 66:293–300CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Stephen ES (2005) Complementary and alternative medicine. In: Dennis LK, Eugene B, Anthony SF, Stephen LH, Llarry JL (eds) Harrison’s principles of internal medicine, 16th edn. McGraw–Hill Medical, New York, p 67Google Scholar
- Subhose V, Srinivas P, Narayana A (2005) Basic principles of pharmaceutical science in Ayurvĕda. Bull Indian Inst Hist Med Hyderabad 35(2):83–92Google Scholar
- World Health Organization (2008) Waist circumference and waist–hip ratio: report of a WHO expert consultation. WHO, Geneva, pp 8–11Google Scholar