Journal of Public Health

, Volume 26, Issue 5, pp 559–567 | Cite as

Geographical variation in prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and its correlates in India: evidence from recent NSSO survey

  • Mahadev D. BhiseEmail author
  • Shraboni Patra
  • Mamta ChaudharyEmail author
Original Article



This study examines the geographical variation in prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and its correlates in India.

Subjects and methods

The study has used data from recent NSSO (71st Round, 2014) survey. Simple bivariate analyses are used to calculate the prevalence rate of NCDs per thousand persons. Binary logistics regression is applied to examine the effects of demographic and socioeconomic variables on the prevalence of NCDs.


The overall prevalence of NCDs, reported by the respondent, is 55/1,000 people in India, and it varies across all geographical regions. The southern region shows highest prevalence of NCDs (107/1,000) and the north east region is the lowest prevalence of NCDs (11/1,000). The prevalence of NCDs varies with the socio-demographic characteristics of respondents, where the prevalence of NCDs is much higher among people above 60+ years (i.e. 419/1,000 for the southern region and also for other regions) than corresponding categories. The prevalence of NCDs is high among urban residency, female, ever married women, other ethnicities, other religions, and affluent groups excluding level of education. Similarly, the logistic regression result shows that age, sex, place of residence, ethnicity, religion, and income status of respondent have statistically significant impact on NCDs and is more susceptible to having NCDs across the geographical regions of the country.


The study highlights the need to develop proper surveillance and monitoring programmes to focus on highly affected geographical regions to arrest the growing burden of NCDs.


Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) Low-income country (LMICs) NSSO Geographical regions 



This research study is not funded by any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

Compliance with ethical standards

The data used for the study considered all the ethical issues while collecting information and it is available online in the public domain. This research paper was not published previously and not submitted elsewhere.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Institute of Population SciencesMumbaiIndia
  2. 2.Tata Institute of Social SciencesMumbaiIndia

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